薄膜拉伸机维修,新代系统plc梯形图说明书 -爱游戏平台

苗坤旺离型膜

鏈烘宸ョ▼涓撲笟澶嶈瘯澶嶄範

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浣撳績绔嬫柟鏅舵牸 闈㈠績绔嬫柟鏅舵牸 瀵嗘帓鍏柟鏅舵牸

鐐圭己闄?绾跨己闄?闈㈢己闄?/p>

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宸ヤ笟绾搧 ( ingot iron ) 鍏辨瀽閽?( eutectoid steel ) 浜氬叡鏋愰挗 ( hypoeutectoid steel ) 杩囧叡鏋愰挗 ( hypereutectoid steel ) 鍏辨櫠鐧藉彛閾?( eutectoid white iron ) 浜氬叡鏅剁櫧鍙i搧( hypoeutectoid white iron ) 杩囧叡鏅剁櫧鍙i搧( hypereutectoid white iron )

鐣屾俯搴︿互涓?30 锝?50鈩?闅忕倝鍐峰嵈 閫€鐏?娑堥櫎搴斿姏;闄嶄綆纭害;缁嗗寲鏅剁矑;鍧囧寑鎴愬垎;涓烘渶缁堢儹澶勭悊浣滃ソ缁勭粐鍑嗗銆?鐣屾俯搴︿互涓?30 锝?50鈩?绌烘皵鍐峰嵈 姝g伀 娑堥櫎搴斿姏;璋冩暣纭害;缁嗗寲鏅剁矑;鍧囧寑鎴愬垎;涓烘渶缁堢儹澶勭悊浣滃ソ缁勭粐鍑?鐣屾俯搴︿互涓?30 锝?50鈩?姘淬€佹补鍐?娣伀 涓轰簡鑾峰緱椹皬浣撶粍缁?鎻愰珮閽㈢殑纭害鍜岃€愮(鎬с€?a1 绾夸互涓嬫煇涓俯搴?淇濇俯涓€娈垫椂闂?鐒跺悗鍐峰嵈鍒扮獟娓┿€?鍥炵伀 娑堥櫎娣伀搴斿姏,闄嶄綆鑴嗘€?绋冲畾宸ヤ欢灏哄;璋冩暣娣伀闆朵欢鐨勫姏瀛︽€ц兘銆?/p>

鏈€澶ф媺搴斿姏锛堢涓€寮哄害锛夌悊璁猴細 鏈€澶т几闀跨嚎搴斿彉锛堢浜屽己搴︼級鐞嗚锛?鏈€澶у垏搴斿姏锛堢涓夊己搴︼級鐞嗚锛?鐣稿彉鑳藉瘑搴︾悊璁猴紙绗洓寮哄害鐞嗚锛夛細

鐢变簬鏈烘銆佸姩鍔涜涓氶亣鍒扮殑杞借嵎寰€寰€杈冧笉绋冲畾锛屽洜鑰岃緝澶氬湴閲囩敤鍋忎簬瀹夊叏鐨勭涓夊己搴︾悊璁猴紱鍦熷缓琛屼笟鐨勮浇鑽峰線寰€杈冧负绋冲畾锛屽畨鍏ㄧ郴鏁扮殑浼拌杈冨噯纭紝鍥犺€岃緝澶氬湴閲囩敤绗洓寮哄害鐞嗚銆?/p>

鍙樺簲鍔?鐤插姵鏂

骞叉懇鎿︼紝杈圭晫鎽╂摝锛屾祦浣撴懇鎿︼紝娣峰悎鎽╂摝

纾ㄧ矑纾ㄦ崯 鐤插姵纾ㄦ崯 绮橀檮纾ㄦ崯 鍐茶殌纾ㄦ崯 鑵愯殌纾ㄦ崯 寰姩纾ㄦ崯

娑︽粦娌?娑︽粦鑴?鍥轰綋娑︽粦鍓?/p>

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鏈€澶у簲鍔涘彂鐢熷湪甯︾殑绱ц竟寮€濮嬬粫灏忓甫杞 n

宸ョ▼鍥惧 鏈烘鍒跺浘

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[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-83kxb3rx-1665118866148)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-09-15-54-53.png)]

绗簩娆¤灪绾圭揣鍥轰欢鍙婇敭銆侀攢

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[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-asau8k65-1665118866149)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-09-15-56-16.png)]

绗笁娆¢浂浠剁敾鍥?/p>

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[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-3fzquvnr-1665118866151)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-09-15-57-35.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-s7qifti8-1665118866151)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-09-15-57-58.png)]

绗簲娆¢浂浠惰鍥?/p>

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[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-i8suo15g-1665118866152)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-09-15-58-40.png)]

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绗叚娆¤閰嶅浘鎷煎浘

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绗竷娆¤閰嶆媶鍥?/p>

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绗叓娆¤閰嶆媶鍥?/p>

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[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-vg65hjnh-1665118866157)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-09-16-01-23.png)]

绗節娆¤閰嶅浘鎷?/p>

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澶у鐗╃悊

杩欎釜灏卞ぇ鑷寸湅涓€涓嬪惂锛?/p>

鍏夐噺瀛愶紙鍏夊瓙锛夊亣璁撅紝鍏夌數鏁堝簲

搴锋櫘椤挎晥搴?/p>

鍏夌殑骞叉秹銆佸亸鎸€佽灏?/p>

鐢靛伐鐢靛瓙鎶€鏈?/p>

鎵惧埌浜嗕箣鍓嶆暣鐞嗙殑鎬濈淮瀵煎浘锛岃浆浜嗕竴涓嬫牸寮忋€?/p>

鍗婂浣?/p>

8.1 鍗婂浣撶殑鍩虹鐭ヨ瘑鍜?pn 缁?/p>

p 鍨嬪崐瀵间綋 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-8dozu8br-1665118866158)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-12-58-13.png)]n 鍨嬪崐瀵间綋 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sb1qcf7w-1665118866159)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-12-58-22.png)]pn 缁?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-3qo38fir-1665118866159)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-12-58-34.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cklcmvhs-1665118866160)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-00-22.png)]

8.2 鍗婂浣撲簩鏋佺

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jlmfj2if-1665118866160)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-00-51.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-mvzwu2q2-1665118866161)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-01-19.png)]

绋冲帇绠?/p>

8.3 鏅朵綋涓夋瀬绠?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ttttt9ng-1665118866161)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-01-55.png)]

鍩烘湰缁勬垚

闆嗙數鏋?c鍩烘瀬 b鍙戝皠鏋?e [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-euldrvvc-1665118866161)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-03-04.png)] 鍒嗙被

pnpnpn 鏀惧ぇ浣滅敤鐨勬潯浠?/p>

鍙戝皠缁撴鍚戝亸缃泦鐢电粨鍙嶅悜鍋忕疆 涓変釜宸ヤ綔鍖?/p>

卤鏀惧ぇ鍖? 楗卞拰鍖? 鈥撴埅姝㈠尯 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-1zxtyf4t-1665118866162)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-03-32.png)]

8.4 鐗规畩涓夋瀬绠?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-fnek8wue-1665118866162)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-03-53.png)]

鍩烘湰鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾

鍩烘湰浜ゆ祦鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾

鑰﹀悎鐢靛鐨勪綔鐢?/p>

c1 鐢ㄦ潵闅旀柇鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾涓庝俊鍙锋簮涔嬮棿鐨勭洿娴侀€氳矾c2 鐢ㄦ潵闅旀柇鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾涓庤礋杞戒箣闂?鐨勯€氳矾 闈欐€佸垎鏋?/p>

灏嗙數瀹规柇璺笁涓叕寮忚璇炬湰 p139銆佸浘瑙f硶

妯潗鏍囦氦鐐?uce绾靛潗鏍囦氦鐐?ic [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gjg2a1hq-1665118866163)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-04-38.png)] 鍔ㄦ€佸垎鏋?/p>

鐢靛閫氳矾 寰彉绛夋晥鐢佃矾鍒嗘瀽娉? 杈撳叆鐢甸樆 杈撳嚭鐢甸樆 灏勬瀬杈撳嚭鍣?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ysuxg2l3-1665118866163)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-05-17.png)]

闆嗘垚杩愮畻鏀惧ぇ鍣?/p>

闆嗘垚杩愭斁姒傝堪

鐢靛帇浼犺緭鐗规€?

楗卞拰鍖虹嚎鎬у尯鐞嗘兂杩愭斁鍙湁楗卞拰鍖?

鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾涓殑璐熷弽棣?/p>

涓插苟鑱斾笌鐢垫祦鐢靛帇鍒ゆ柇

鍙嶉淇″彿鍜岃緭鍏ヤ俊鍙风浉杩炰负骞惰仈鍙嶄箣涓轰覆鑱旇緭鍑虹洿鎺ヨ繛鍙嶉锛屼负鐢靛帇锛屽弽涔嬩负鐢垫祦 璐熷弽棣堢殑浣滅敤 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uksy9dr0-1665118866164)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-10-13-07-09.png)] - 闄嶄綆鏀惧ぇ鍊嶆暟 - 鎻愰珮鏀惧ぇ鍊嶆暟鐨勭ǔ瀹氭€?- 鎵╁睍閫氶甯?- 鍑忓皬闈炵嚎鎬уけ鐪?- 瀵硅緭鍏ョ數闃诲拰杈撳嚭鐢甸樆鐨勫奖鍝?- 杈撳叆鐢甸樆 - 涓茶仈鎻愰珮 - 骞惰仈闄嶄綆 - 杈撳嚭鐢甸樆 - 鐢靛帇闄嶄綆 - 鐢垫祦澧為珮

闆嗘垚杩愭斁鐨勫熀鏈繍绠楃數璺?/p>

姣斾緥杩愮畻

鍚岀浉鍙嶇浉鐢靛帇璺熼殢鍣?鍔犳硶杩愮畻宸姩杩愮畻锛堝噺娉曪級绉垎杩愮畻寰垎杩愮畻

淇″彿澶勭悊涓父鐢ㄧ殑杩愮畻鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾

閲囨牱淇濇寔鐢佃矾 鐢靛帇姣旇緝鍣? 鏈夋簮婊ゆ尝鍣?/p>

鏈夋簮浣庨€氭护娉㈠櫒鍏佽浣庨娈电殑淇″彿閫氳繃锛岄樆姝㈤珮棰戞鐨勪俊鍙烽€氳繃銆?

淇″彿鍙戠敓鐢佃矾

姝e鸡淇″彿鍙戠敓鍣?

姝e鸡淇″彿鍙戠敓鍣ㄧ殑鎸崱鏉′欢

骞呭害骞宠 鏉′欢鐩镐綅骞宠 鏉′欢缁勬垚

鏀惧ぇ鐢佃矾 锛堝彸锛夋鍙嶉鐢佃矾閫夐鐢佃矾锛堝乏锛夌ǔ骞呯數璺? rc 妗ュ紡姝e鸡娉㈡尟鑽$數璺? 鐭╁舰娉㈠彂鐢熷櫒涓夎娉㈠彂鐢熷櫒閿娇娉㈠彂鐢熷櫒

浣跨敤杩愭斁搴旀敞鎰忕殑鍑犱釜闂

13 鏃跺簭閫昏緫鐢佃矾

闆嗘垚瑙﹀彂鍣?/p>

鍩烘湰 rs 瑙﹀彂鍣ㄥ悓姝?rs 瑙﹀彂鍣ㄥ拰 d 閿佸瓨鍣?

鍚屾 rs 瑙﹀彂鍣― 閿佸瓨鍣?姝h竟娌胯е鍙戠殑 d 瑙﹀彂鍣ㄨ礋杈规部瑙﹀彂鐨?jk 瑙﹀彂鍣?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-zj0rzkzt-1665118866164)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-11-22-15-57.cache)]t 瑙﹀彂鍣?/p>

鏃跺簭閫昏緫鐢佃矾

鏃跺簭閫昏緫鐢佃矾鐨勫垎鏋愭柟娉曞瘎瀛樺櫒璁℃暟鍣?/p>

12.缁勫悎閫昏緫鐢佃矾

鍩烘湰閫昏緫鍏崇郴

涓庨棬鎴栭棬闈為棬

鍩烘湰杩愮畻瑙勫垯

涓€鑸?

浜ゆ崲寰?

a 锛?b= b 锛?aa路b = b 路a 鑷瓑寰?

a 锛?0 锛?aa 路 1 锛?a 浜掕ˉ寰嬬粨鍚堝緥

a 锛?b 锛?c = (a 锛?b)锛?c= a 锛? b 锛?c )a 路 b 路 c = ( a 路 b ) 路 c= ( c 路 a ) 路 b 瑕佽鐨?

0-1 寰?

a 锛?1= 1a 路 0= 0 鎽╂牴瀹氬緥閲嶅彔寰?

a 锛?a 锛?aa 路 a 锛?a 鍚告敹寰?

閫昏緫鍏崇郴鐨勮〃绀轰笌鍖栫畝

鏈€绠€涓庢垨寮?

涓庨」鏈€灏戯紝涓庨」涓殑鍙橀噺鏈€灏?鍚堝苟椤规硶鍚告敹娉曟秷鍘绘硶閰嶉」娉?/p>

ttl 涓庨潪闂ㄧ數璺?/p>

ttl 涓庨潪鐢佃矾ttl 涓夋€佷笌闈為棬鐢佃矾闆嗙數鏋佸紑璺€滀笌闈炩€濋棬鐢佃矾cmos 闂ㄧ數璺?/p>

缁勫悎閫昏緫鐢佃矾

缂栫爜璇戠爜鍜屾暟瀛楁樉绀?/p>

缂栫爜鍣?

灏嗕俊鎭浆鎹㈡垚浜岃繘鍒剁爜 璇戠爜鍣?

灏嗕簩杩涘埗鐮佽浆鎹㈡垚鐩稿簲淇℃伅 鏁板瓧鏄剧ず

11.绋冲帇鐢垫簮鍜屽ぇ鍔熺巼鐢靛瓙鐢佃矾

鐩存祦绋冲帇鐢垫簮

鍗曠浉妗ュ紡鏁存祦鐢佃矾婊ゆ尝鐢佃矾

涓茶仈鍨嬬ǔ鍘嬬數璺殑宸ヤ綔鍘熺悊

鐞嗚鍔涘

绗?1 绔?闈欏姏瀛﹀叕鐞嗗拰鐗╀綋鐨勫彈鍔涘垎鏋?/p>

**闈欏姏瀛︼細**鐮旂┒鐗╀綋鐨勫彈鍔涘垎鏋愩€佸姏绯荤殑绛夋晥鏇挎崲锛堟垨绠€鍖栵級銆佸缓绔嬪悇绉嶅姏绯荤殑骞宠 鏉′欢鐨勭瀛︺€?/p>

**鍒氫綋锛?*鍦ㄥ姏鐨勪綔鐢ㄤ笅锛屽叾鍐呴儴浠绘剰涓ょ偣闂寸殑璺濈濮嬬粓淇濇寔涓嶅彉鐨勭墿浣撱€?/p>

**鍔涳細**鐗╀綋闂寸浉浜掔殑鏈烘浣滅敤锛屼綔鐢ㄦ晥鏋滀娇鐗╀綋鐨勬満姊拌繍鍔ㄧ姸鎬佸彂鐢熸敼鍙樸€?/p>

**鍔涚殑涓夎绱狅細**澶у皬銆佹柟鍚戙€佷綔鐢ㄧ偣銆傚姏鏄煝閲忋€?/p>

**鍔涚郴锛?*涓€缇ゅ姏(骞抽潰姹囦氦鍔涚郴銆佸钩闈㈠钩琛屽姏绯汇€佸钩闈㈠姏鍋剁郴銆佸钩闈换鎰忓姏绯汇€佺┖闂存眹浜ゅ姏绯汇€佺┖闂村钩琛屽姏绯汇€佺┖闂村姏鍋剁郴鍜岀┖闂翠换鎰忓姏绯?銆?/p>

**绛夋晥鍔涚郴锛?*涓€涓姏绯讳綔鐢ㄤ簬鐗╀綋鐨勬晥鏋滀笌鍙︿竴涓姏绯讳綔鐢ㄤ簬璇ョ墿浣撶殑鏁堟灉鐩稿悓銆?/p>

**骞宠 鍔涚郴锛?*涓庨浂鍔涚郴绛夋晥鐨勫姏绯汇€?/p>

**骞宠 锛?*鐗╀綋鐩稿鎯€у弬鑰冪郴锛堝鍦伴潰锛夐潤姝㈡垨浣滃寑閫熺洿绾胯繍鍔ㄣ€?/p>

**鍙楀姏鍒嗘瀽锛?*鍒嗘瀽鐗╀綋锛堝寘鎷墿浣撶郴锛夊彈鍝簺鍔涳紝姣忎釜鍔涚殑浣滅敤浣嶇疆鍜屾柟鍚戯紝骞剁敾鍑虹墿浣撶殑鍙楀姏鍥俱€?/p>

**鍔涚郴鐨勭瓑鏁堟浛鎹紙鎴栫畝鍖栵級锛?*鐢ㄤ竴涓畝鍗曞姏绯荤瓑鏁堜唬鏇夸竴涓鏉傚姏绯汇€?/p>

**鍔涚郴骞宠 鏉′欢锛?*寤虹珛鍚勭鍔涚郴鐨勫钩琛℃潯浠讹紝骞跺簲鐢ㄨ繖浜涙潯浠惰в鍐抽潤鍔涘瀹為檯闂 銆?/p>

鍏悊 1 鍔涗笁瑙掑舰

鍏悊 2 浜屽姏骞宠 鏉′欢

鍏悊 3 鍔犲噺骞宠 鍔涚郴鍏悊

鎺ㄨ 1 鍔涚殑鍙紶鎬?/p>

鎺ㄨ 2 涓夊姏骞宠 姹囦氦瀹氱悊

鑻ュ垰浣撳彈涓変釜鍔涗綔鐢ㄨ€屽浜庡钩琛★紝涓斿叾涓簩鍔涗綔鐢ㄧ嚎鐩镐氦浜庝竴鐐癸紝鍒欒繖涓変釜鍔涘繀浣嶄簬鍚屼竴骞抽潰鍐咃紝涓斿畠浠殑浣滅敤绾垮繀瀹氭眹浜や簬涓€鐐广€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-vqery0ie-1665118866164)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-14-11-46-50.png)]

鍏悊 4 浣滅敤涓庡弽浣滅敤瀹氬緥

鍏悊 5 鍒氬寲鍏悊

鑷敱浣擄細鑳藉湪绌洪棿浠绘剰杩愬姩鐨勭墿浣?/p>

闈炶嚜鐢变綋锛氳繍鍔ㄥ彈鍒版煇浜涘叾瀹冪墿浣撻檺鍒剁殑鐗╀綋

绾︽潫锛氬闈炶嚜鐢变綋鐨勮繍鍔ㄨ捣闄愬埗浣滅敤鐨勭墿浣?/p>

绾︽潫鍔涳細绾︽潫浣滅敤鍦ㄨ绾︽潫鐗╀綋涓婄殑鍔?/p>

涓诲姩鍔涳細绾︽潫鍙嶅姏浠ュ鐨勫凡鐭ュ姏銆傦紙鍙富鍔ㄦ敼鍙樼墿浣撹繍鍔ㄧ姸鎬侊級

鍑犵甯歌绾︽潫绫诲瀷

1銆佸厜婊戞帴瑙﹂潰绾︽潫

2銆佹煍鎬х害鏉?/p>

3銆佸厜婊戦摪閾剧害鏉熲€斿悜蹇冭酱鎵?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ovlc4vum-1665118866165)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-14-11-49-54.png)]

3銆佸厜婊戦摪閾剧害鏉熲€旈摪閾?/p>

4銆佹粴鍔ㄦ敮搴?/p>

5銆佺悆閾伴摼

6銆佹鎺ㄨ酱鎵?/p>

7銆佷簩鍔涙潌绾︽潫

鐢诲彈鍔涘浘鐨勬楠?

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绗?3 绔?绌洪棿鍔涚郴

鎬讳綋涓庣浜岀珷绫讳技锛屼笉鍐嶈禈杩般€?/p>

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绗?4 绔?鎽╂摝

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鑷虫闈欏姏瀛︾粨鏉燂紝杩愬姩瀛﹀紑濮嬨€?/p>

绗簲绔?杩愬姩瀛﹀熀纭€

绗叚绔?鐐圭殑杩愬姩

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閫熷害鍜屽姞閫熷害

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绗竷绔?鍒氫綋鐨勫熀鏈繍鍔?/p>

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绗叓绔?鐐圭殑澶嶅悎杩愬姩

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缁濆杩愬姩 锛?鐗佃繛杩愬姩 锛?鐩稿杩愬姩

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鐭㈤噺鏂圭▼寮忥紝鐩稿綋涓や釜鏍囬噺鏂圭▼寮?

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绗節绔?鍒氫綋鐨勫钩闈㈣繍鍔?/p>

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搂9-2 骞抽潰杩愬姩涓悇鐐圭殑閫熷害

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绗笁绡?鍔ㄥ姏瀛?/p>

绗崄绔?璐ㄧ偣鍔ㄥ姏瀛︾殑鍩烘湰鏂圭▼

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搂10鈥? 璐ㄧ偣鍔ㄥ姏瀛︾殑涓ょ被闂

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绗崄涓€绔?鍔ㄩ噺瀹氱悊

鍔ㄥ姏瀛︽櫘閬嶅畾鐞嗙畝浠嬪寘鎷細鍔ㄩ噺瀹氱悊銆佸姩閲忕煩瀹氱悊銆佸姩鑳藉畾鐞嗐€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-0hra9azu-1665118866176)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-14-12-33-23.png)]

鍔ㄩ噺涓庡啿閲?/p>

鍔ㄩ噺瀹氱悊鍙婂畧鎭掑畾鐞?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xpelijxn-1665118866176)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-14-12-33-56.png)]

璐ㄥ績杩愬姩瀹氱悊鍙婂畧鎭掑畾鐞?/p>

璐ㄥ績鐨勪綅缃缁堜繚鎸佷笉鍙橈紝璐ㄥ績鍧愭爣瀹堟亽銆?/p>

绗崄浜岀珷 鍔ㄩ噺鐭╁畾鐞?/p>

搂12-1 鍔ㄩ噺鐭╄绠楋紙杞姩鎯噺锛?/p>

搂12-2 鍔ㄩ噺鐭╁畾鐞?/p>

搂12-3 鍒氫綋缁曞畾杞磋浆鍔ㄥ井鍒嗘柟绋?/p>

搂12-4 璐ㄧ偣绯荤浉瀵硅川蹇冪殑鍔ㄩ噺鐭╁畾鐞?/p>

搂12-5 鍒氫綋骞抽潰杩愬姩寰垎鏂圭▼

绗?13 绔?鍔ㄨ兘瀹氱悊

搂13-1 璐ㄧ偣绯诲拰鍒氫綋鐨勫姩鑳?/p>

搂13-2 鍔涚殑鍔?/p>

搂13-3 鍔ㄨ兘瀹氱悊

搂13-4 鍔熺巼銆佸姛鐜囨柟绋嬨€佹満姊版晥鐜?/p>

搂13-5 鍔垮姏鍦恒€佸娍鑳姐€佹満姊拌兘瀹堟亽瀹氬緥

搂13-6 鍔ㄥ姏瀛︽櫘閬嶅畾鐞嗙殑缁煎悎搴旂敤

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-b5sfaj4e-1665118866177)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-14-12-37-24.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-a0vkwbdd-1665118866178)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-14-12-37-32.png)]

宸ョ▼鏉愭枡

宸ョ▼鏉愭枡杩欓棬璇惧綋鏃跺鐨勬椂鍊欐鏄柅鎯咃紝璁茬湡锛屽鐨勫緢鐑傦紝鍕夊己鍙婃牸鐨勬按骞炽€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gyrv3ecq-1665118866178)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-13-45-46.png)]

绗竴绔犻噾灞炴潗鏂欑殑鍔涘鎬ц兘

鍔涘鎬ц兘鏄寚鏉愭枡鍦ㄥ姏鐨勪綔鐢ㄤ笅鎶垫姉鍙樺舰鍜屽紑瑁傜殑鎬ц兘銆?/p>

寮规€с€佸鎬с€侀煣鎬с€佸己搴︺€佺‖搴﹀拰鐤插姵寮哄害绛夈€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-blkjw748-1665118866178)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-13-48-43.png)]

寮规€? elasticity ):閲戝睘鏉愭枡鍙楀鍔涗綔鐢ㄦ椂浜х敓鍙樺舰,褰撳鍔涘幓鎺夊悗鑳芥仮澶嶅埌鍘熸潵褰㈢姸鍙婂昂瀵哥殑鎬ц兘銆傚脊鎬у彉褰? elastic deformation ):闅忚浇鑽锋挙闄よ€屾秷澶辩殑鍙樺舰銆傚脊鎬ф瀬闄? elastic limit ):

4.寮哄害(strength):鏉愭枡鍦ㄨ浇鑽蜂綔鐢ㄤ笅鎶垫姉鍙樺舰鍜岀牬鍧忕殑鑳藉姏銆?/p>

绉嶇被:鎶楁媺寮哄害銆佹姉鍘嬪己搴︺€佹姉寮己搴︺€佹姉鍓己搴︺€佹姉鎵己搴︾瓑銆?/p>

灞堟湇寮哄害 鏉′欢灞堟湇寮哄害 鎶楁媺寮哄害

濉戞€?plasticity):鏄寚鏉愭枡鍦ㄨ浇鑽蜂綔鐢ㄤ笅浜х敓濉戞€у彉褰㈣€屼笉琚牬鍧忕殑鑳藉姏銆?/p>

鏂潰鏀剁缉鐜?浼搁暱鐜?/p>

纭害( hardness ):鏄寚鏉愭枡鎶垫姉鍏朵粬纭墿浣撳帇鍏ュ叾琛ㄩ潰鐨勮兘鍔涖€?/p>

甯冩皬纭害 hb 娲涙皬纭害 hr 缁存皬纭害 hv 鑲栨皬纭害 hs 閿夊垁娉?/p>

鍐插嚮闊ф€? notch toughness ): 鏉愭枡鍦ㄥ啿鍑昏浇鑽蜂綔鐢ㄤ笅鎶垫姉鐮村潖鐨勮兘鍔涖€?/p>

鐤插姵寮哄害( fatigue strength ):琛ㄧず鏉愭枡缁忔棤鏁版浜ゅ彉杞借嵎浣滅敤鑰屼笉鑷村紩璧锋柇瑁傜殑鏈€澶у簲鍔涘€笺€?/p>

姣斿己搴?( specific strength ): 鏉愭枡鐨勫己搴﹀€间笌瀵嗗害鍊间箣姣斻€?/p>

绗簩绔犻噾灞炵殑鏅朵綋缁撴瀯

鏅朵綋缁撴瀯鐨勫熀纭€鐭ヨ瘑

瀹為檯閲戝睘鐨勪綋缁撴瀯涓庢櫠浣撶己闄?/p>

涓€.鏅朵綋涓庨潪鏅朵綋鐨勫熀鏈蹇?/p>

鏅朵綋(crystal )鐨勫熀鏈蹇?鐗╀綋鍐呴儴鐨勫師瀛?鎴栧垎瀛?鍦ㄤ笁缁寸┖闂翠腑,鎸変竴瀹氳寰嬩綔鍛ㄦ湡鎬ф帓鍒楃殑鍥轰綋銆傛櫠浣撶墿璐ㄦ墍鍏锋湁鐨勬€ц川:鍥哄畾鐨勭啍鐐?鍚勫悜寮傛€х瓑銆備緥濡?鎵€鏈夌殑閲戝睘銆侀鐩愮瓑銆? 闈炴櫠浣? non- crystal )鐨勫熀鏈蹇? 鐗╀綋鍐呴儴鐨勫師瀛愬憟鏁d贡鍒嗗竷,鍏剁墿鐞嗗拰鍔涘鎬ц兘鍚勫悜鍚屾€с€備緥濡?鏅€氱幓鐠冦€佹澗棣欑瓑銆?

浜?鏅朵綋瀛?crystallography)鐨勫熀鏈煡璇?/p>

鏅舵牸(crystal lattice):鐢ㄤ互鎻忚堪鏅朵綋涓師瀛愭帓鍒楄寰嬬殑绌洪棿鐐归樀鏍兼灦銆? 鏅惰優( unit cell ):鑳藉畬鍏ㄥ弽鏄犳櫠鏍肩壒寰佺殑鏈€灏忓嚑浣曞崟鍏冦€? 鏅舵牸甯告暟 ( lattice constant ) : 鏅剁郴涓庡竷鎷夎彶鐐归樀 鏅堕潰(crystal face): 鍦ㄦ櫠鏍间腑鐢变竴绯诲垪鍘熷瓙鎵€鏋勬垚鐨勫钩闈㈢о涓烘櫠闈€? 鏅堕潰鎸囨暟(indices of crystallographicplane):鐢ㄥ瘑鍕?miller)鎸囨暟瀵规櫠鏍间腑鏌愪竴鏅堕潰杩涜鏍囧畾銆? 鏅跺悜(crystal direction): 鍦ㄦ櫠鏍间腑,浠绘剰涓ゅ師瀛愪箣闂寸殑杩炵嚎鎵€鎸囩殑鏂瑰悜 鏅跺悜鎸囨暟: 鐢ㄥ瘑鍕?miller)鎸囨暟瀵规櫠鏍间腑鏌愪竴鍘熷瓙鎺掑垪鍦ㄧ┖闂寸殑浣嶅悜杩涜鏍囧畾銆?

涓?甯歌鐨勪笁绉嶆櫠浣撶粨鏋?/p>

浣撳績绔嬫柟鏅舵牸 閽?( na ) ; 閽?( k ) ; 閾?( cr ) ; 閽?( mo ) ; 閽?( w ) ; 閽?( v ) ; 閽?( ta ) ; 閾?( nb ) ; 伪-閾?( 伪-fe ) 绛?銆? 闈㈠績绔嬫柟鏅舵牸 閲?( au ) ; 閾?( ag ) ; 閾?( cu ) ; 閾?( al ) ; 闀?( ni ) ; 閾?( pt ) ; 閾?( pb ) ; 纬-閾?( 纬-fe ) 绛夈€? 瀵嗘帓鍏柟鏅舵牸 ( c/a = 1.633 ) 闀?( mg ) ; 閿?( zn ) ; 闀?( cd ) ; 伪 鈥?閽?( 伪 鈥?ti ) ; 閾?( be ) 绛?銆? 鐐圭己闄? point defect ) 绌轰綅( vacancy ) 闂撮殭鍘熷瓙( gap atom) 缃崲鍘熷瓙( substitutional atom) 绾跨己闄? line defect ) 铻烘棆鍨嬩綅閿? screw dislocation ) 鍒冨瀷浣嶉敊( blade dislocation ) 闈㈢己闄? surface-defect ) 鏅剁晫( grain boundary ) :鏅剁矑涓庢櫠绮掍箣闂寸殑鐣岄潰銆?浜氭櫠鐣? sub-boundary ) :鐩搁偦鏅剁矑浣嶅悜寰堝皬(涓€鑸?1 锝?2掳)鐨勫皬瑙掑害鏅剁晫銆?

绗笁绔犵函閲戝睘鐨勭粨鏅?/p>

鍑濆浐涓庣粨鏅剁殑姒傚康 缁撴櫠鐨勭幇璞′笌瑙勫緥 鍚岀礌寮傛櫠(鏋?杞彉

寰皬鏅舵牳 --> 鏅朵綋

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gzp9dq30-1665118866179)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-34-36.png)]

杩囧喎鐜拌薄 ( supercooling ) 杩囧喎搴?( degree of supercooling ) 杩囧喎鏄粨鏅剁殑蹇呰鏉′欢銆?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-bbenayvm-1665118866179)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-35-28.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-hdfavizc-1665118866180)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-35-40.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-scj74kzr-1665118866180)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-36-05.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-yb1vrep5-1665118866180)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-36-25.png)]

鍥烘憾浣?(solid solution )

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-2b8p8j5c-1665118866181)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-37-36.png)]

閲戝睘鍖栧悎鐗?( metallic compound )

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-m63k6rpo-1665118866181)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-37-52.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gmjukvcq-1665118866182)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-38-37.png)]

鏈烘娣峰悎鐗?( mechanical impurity )

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-isgzizwj-1665118866182)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-38-46.png)]

绗洓绔犻噾灞炵殑缁撴櫠涓庣浉鍥?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ubwrnfei-1665118866182)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-39-01.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gdu61cmr-1665118866183)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-39-15.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jdaqccsg-1665118866184)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-39-25.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cg1zzjau-1665118866184)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-39-39.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-wrdr4q5e-1665118866185)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-39-56.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ggxveyar-1665118866185)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-40-09.png)]

绗簲绔犻搧纰冲悎閲戠浉鍥?/p>

閾佺礌浣?( f )

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-7ckfhipl-1665118866185)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-41-03.png)]

濂ユ皬浣?( a ) 鈥?austenite

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-9bvdn3od-1665118866186)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-41-22.png)]

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-nupd5bid-1665118866186)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-20-17-47-57.png)]

娓楃⒊浣?( fe3c )

閾佷笌纰冲舰鎴愮殑閲戝睘鍖栧悎鐗┿€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-fzjbdib1-1665118866186)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-33-06.png)]

鐝犲厜浣?( p )

閾佺礌浣撳拰娓楃⒊浣撶粍鎴愮殑鏈烘娣峰悎鐗┿€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-qmjici02-1665118866187)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-33-11.png)]

鑾辨皬浣?( ld )

濂ユ皬浣撳拰娓楃⒊浣撶粍鎴愮殑鏈烘娣峰悎鐗┿€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-c3f3amtx-1665118866187)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-33-27.png)]

fe - fe3c 鐩稿浘鐨勫缓绔嬩笌鍒嗘瀽

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-f5dmpwoq-1665118866187)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-34-40.png)]

鍖呮櫠鍙嶅簲鐩稿浘 鍏辨櫠鍙嶅簲鐩稿浘 鍏辨瀽鍙嶅簲鐩稿浘 浜斾釜閲嶈鐨勬垚浠界偣: p銆丼銆丒銆丆銆並銆? 鍥涙潯閲嶈鐨勭嚎: ef銆丒s銆丟s銆丗k銆? 涓変釜閲嶈杞彉: 鍖呮櫠杞彉鍙嶅簲寮忋€佸叡鏅惰浆鍙樺弽搴斿紡銆佸叡鏋愯浆鍙樺弽搴斿紡銆? 浜屼釜閲嶈娓╁害: 1148 鈩?銆?27 鈩?銆?

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-yuxg1pnl-1665118866188)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-36-52.png)]

涓?鍏稿瀷閾佺⒊鍚堥噾鐨勭粨鏅惰繃绋嬪垎鏋?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-0jx4kxc6-1665118866188)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-38-50.png)]

宸ヤ笟绾搧 ( ingot iron ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-oajtjsm2-1665118866189)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-39-05.png)] 鍏辨瀽閽?( eutectoid steel ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-el9ayotf-1665118866189)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-39-25.png)] 浜氬叡鏋愰挗 ( hypoeutectoid steel ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xtgd5asi-1665118866190)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-39-36.png)] 杩囧叡鏋愰挗 ( hypereutectoid steel ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-himwzgwj-1665118866190)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-39-49.png)] 鍏辨櫠鐧藉彛閾?( eutectoid white iron ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sj6c9zv3-1665118866192)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-40-05.png)] 浜氬叡鏅剁櫧鍙i搧( hypoeutectoid white iron ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-4lmgms8i-1665118866193)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-40-21.png)] 杩囧叡鏅剁櫧鍙i搧( hypereutectoid white iron ) [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-q6bsgxec-1665118866193)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-40-30.png)]

绗洓鑺?纰崇殑璐ㄩ噺鍒嗘暟瀵归搧纰冲悎閲戠粍缁囥€佹€ц兘鐨勫奖鍝?/p>

纰崇殑璐ㄩ噺鍒嗘暟瀵瑰钩琛$粍缁囩殑褰卞搷銆?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-tocg5we9-1665118866194)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-42-22.png)] 纰崇殑璐ㄩ噺鍒嗘暟瀵瑰姏瀛︽€ц兘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-wpvrfy1v-1665118866194)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-42-35.png)] 纰崇殑璐ㄩ噺鍒嗘暟瀵瑰伐鑹烘€ц兘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€?/p>

瀵归摳閫犳€ц兘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€傚閿婚€犳€ц兘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€傚鐒婃帴鎬ц兘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€傚鍒囧墛鍔犲伐鎬ц兘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€? 閽㈤搧鐨勫喍鐐笺€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cecamull-1665118866195)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-46-07.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-skc0snwo-1665118866195)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-20-46-29.png)] 閽㈤敪鐨勭粍缁囩⒊绱犻挗鐨勫垎绫汇€佺紪鍙峰強鐢ㄩ€斻€佽川閲忓強缂洪櫡銆?/p>

鏉傝川鍏冪礌瀵归挗鐨勮川閲忓拰鎬ц兘鐨勫奖鍝?

鏈夌泭鍏冪礌 脴 si 鈥?鏈夊緢寮虹殑鍥烘憾寮哄寲浣滅敤,鑳借劚姘с€?脴 mn 鈥?鑴辨哀銆佸幓纭?鎻愰珮閽㈢殑寮哄害鍜岀‖搴︺€傛湁瀹冲厓绱? 脴 p 鈥?鏈夊緢寮虹殑鍥烘憾寮哄寲浣滅敤,浣庢俯闊ф€у樊 ( 鍐疯剢 )銆?脴 s 鈥?鑳藉紩璧烽挗鍦ㄧ儹鍔犲伐鏃舵垨楂樻俯宸ヤ綔涓嬪紑瑁?( 鐑 )銆傛皵浣撳厓绱?脴 n锛氶挗涓繃楗卞拰 n 鍦ㄥ父娓╂斁缃繃绋嬩腑浼氬彂鐢熸椂鏁堣剢鍖栥€傚姞 ti銆乂銆丄l 绛夊厓绱犲彲娑堥櫎鏃舵晥鍊惧悜銆?脴 o锛氶挗涓殑姘у寲鐗╂槗鎴愪负鐤插姵瑁傜汗婧愩€?脴 h锛氬師瀛愭€佺殑杩囬ケ鍜屾阿鏃跺皢闄嶄綆闊ф€? 寮曡捣姘㈣剢銆傚綋姘㈠湪缂洪櫡澶勪互鍒嗗瓙鎬佹瀽鍑烘椂锛屼細浜х敓寰堥珮鍐呭帇锛屽舰鎴愬井瑁傜汗锛屽叾鍐呭涓虹櫧鑹诧紝绉扮櫧鐐规垨鍙戣銆?閽㈤敪鐨勭粍缁囧強鍏跺畯瑙傜己闄?

闀囬潤閽?閽㈡恫鍦ㄦ祰娉ㄥ墠鐢ㄩ敯閾併€佺閾佸拰閾呰繘琛屼簡鍏呭垎鑴辨哀,wo=0.01%宸﹀彸,鎴愬垎杈冨潎鍖€銆佺粍缁囪緝鑷村瘑銆備富瑕佺敤浜庢満姊版€ц兘瑕佹眰杈冮珮鐨勯浂浠躲€傚崐闀囬潤閽?鍗婇晣闈欓挗鏄劚姘ц繃绋嬩粙浜庨晣闈欓挗鍜屾哺鑵鹃挗涔嬮棿鐨勯挗,鏄敤閿伴搧鍜岀閾佽繘琛岃劚姘с€傚叾璐ㄩ噺涔熶粙浜庝簩鑰呬箣闂?鍙唬鏇块儴鍒嗛晣闈欓挗,涓€鑸笉閫備簬鍋氶噸瑕侀浂浠躲€傛哺鑵鹃挗 閽㈡恫鍦ㄦ祰娉ㄤ粎鍓嶈繘琛岃交搴﹀亣鑴辨哀,wo=0.03%锝?0.07%,鎴愬垎鍋忔瀽杈冧弗閲嶃€佺粍缁囦笉鑷村瘑銆傛満姊版€ц兘涓嶅潎鍖€,鍐插嚮闊ф€у樊,甯哥敤浜庤姹備笉楂樼殑闆朵欢銆?纰崇礌閽㈢殑鍒嗙被

鎸夌⒊鐨勮川閲忓垎鏁板垎绫?

浣庣⒊閽? wc 鈮?0.25%涓⒊閽? 0.25% 鈮?wc 鈮?0.6%楂樼⒊閽? wc > 0.6% 鎸夐挗鐨勮川閲忓垎绫?

纰崇礌閽? wp = (0.035% 锝?0.045%) ws = (0.035% 锝?0.050%)浼樿川纰崇礌閽? wp = 0.035% ws = (0.030% 锝?0.035%)楂樼骇浼樿川纰崇礌閽? wp 鈮?0.030% ws = ( 0.020%锝?0.025% ) 鎸夐挗鐨勭敤閫斿垎绫?

纰崇礌缁撴瀯閽?carbontructuralteel)鐢ㄤ簬鍒堕€犲悇绉嶆満姊伴浂浠躲€佸伐绋嬫瀯浠躲€備竴鑸负浣庛€佷腑纰抽挗銆傜⒊绱犲伐鍏烽挗 ( carbon tool steel )鐢ㄤ簬鍒堕€犲悇绉嶅伐鍏枫€備竴鑸负楂樼⒊閽€? 纰崇礌閽㈢紪鍙峰強鐢ㄩ€?

纰崇礌缁撴瀯閽? [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-anoig1kb-1665118866196)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-34-14.png)]浼樿川纰崇礌缁撴瀯閽?45 鈥?wc = 45 杈冮珮閿拌川閲忓垎鏁扮殑浼樿川纰崇礌缁撴瀯閽?45mn 鈥?wc = 45 wmn = 0.7%锝?1.0%纰崇礌宸ュ叿閽?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-brnn6gua-1665118866197)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-36-13.png)]閾搁€犵⒊閽?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-q5cpfb5n-1665118866197)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-36-34.png)]

绗叚绔犻挗鐨勭儹澶勭悊

姒傝堪 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-27xuk283-1665118866197)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-37-52.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-i6l30sgx-1665118866198)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-41-06.png)] 閽㈠湪鍔犵儹鏃剁殑缁勭粐杞彉

杞彉娓╁害 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-7mu5nhnw-1665118866198)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-42-37.png)]濂ユ皬浣撶殑褰㈡垚 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ys9pxun7-1665118866199)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-44-00.png)]濂ユ皬浣撴櫠绮掑害鍙婂鍔涘鎬ц兘鐨勫奖鍝?

濂ユ皬浣撴櫠绮掑害:

璧峰鏅剁矑搴?鐝犲厜浣撳垰鍒氳浆鍙樻垚濂ユ皬浣撶殑鏅剁矑澶у皬銆傚疄闄呮櫠绮掑害:鐑鐞嗗悗鎵€鑾峰緱鐨勫ゥ姘忎綋鏅剁矑鐨勫ぇ灏忋€傛湰璐ㄦ櫠绮掑害:搴﹂噺閽㈡湰****韬櫠绮掑湪 930鈩?浠ヤ笅,闅忔俯搴﹀崌楂?鏅剁矑闀垮ぇ鐨勭▼搴︺€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uj8qkjcc-1665118866199)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-23-21-45-59.png)] 濂ユ皬浣撴櫠绮掑ぇ灏忓閽㈢殑鍔涘鎬ц兘鐨勫奖鍝?

濂ユ皬浣撴櫠绮掑潎鍖€缁嗗皬,鐑鐞嗗悗閽㈢殑鍔涘鎬ц兘鎻愰珮銆傜矖澶х殑濂ユ皬浣撴櫠绮掑湪娣伀鏃跺鏄撳紩璧峰伐浠朵骇鐢熻緝澶х殑鍙樺舰鐢氳嚦寮€瑁傘€? 閽㈠湪鍐峰嵈鏃剁殑缁勭粐杞彉

閽㈠湪鐑鐞嗘椂鐨勫喎鍗存柟寮?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-dfgp3cdo-1665118866199)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-22-20.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-tigjufwp-1665118866200)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-25-12.png)] 璐濇皬浣撹浆鎹?涓婅礉姘忎綋 涓嬭礉姘忎綋 閽㈢殑鏅€氱儹澶勭悊宸ヨ壓 姣涘澂鐢熶骇 棰勫鐑鐞?鏈烘鍔犲伐 鏈€缁堢儹澶勭悊 鏈烘绮惧姞宸?棰勫鐑鐞?: 閫€鐏?; 姝g伀 鏈€缁堢儹澶勭悊 : 娣伀 ; 鍥炵伀

閫€鐏?瀹氫箟锛氭妸闆朵欢鍔犳俯鍒颁复鐣屾俯搴︿互涓?30 锝?50鈩?淇濇俯涓€娈垫椂闂?鐒跺悗闅忕倝鍐峰嵈銆?鐩殑锛氭秷闄ゅ簲鍔?闄嶄綆纭害;缁嗗寲鏅剁矑;鍧囧寑鎴愬垎;涓烘渶缁堢儹澶勭悊浣滃ソ缁勭粐鍑嗗銆?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-icqa5gmt-1665118866200)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-32-02.png)] 瀹屽叏閫€鐏?ac3 30 锝?50 鐞冨寲閫€鐏?ac1 30 锝?50 鍘诲簲鍔涢€€鐏?500 锝?600 鎵╂暎閫€鐏?ac3 150 锝?250 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-52euw58e-1665118866201)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-33-56.png)] 鐑鐞嗗悗鐨勭粍缁?: 鍘熷缁勭粐銆? 姝g伀

瀹氫箟:鎶婇浂浠跺姞娓╁埌涓寸晫娓╁害浠ヤ笂 30 锝?50鈩?淇濇俯涓€娈垫椂闂?鐒跺悗鍦ㄧ┖姘斾腑鍐峰嵈銆傜洰鐨?娑堥櫎搴斿姏;璋冩暣纭害;缁嗗寲鏅剁矑;鍧囧寑鎴愬垎;涓烘渶缁堢儹澶勭悊浣滃ソ缁勭粐鍑?澶囥€?浜氬叡鏋愰挗 ac3 30 锝?50 鍏辨瀽閽?ac1 30 锝?50 杩囧叡鏋愰挗 accm 30 锝?50 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-nxijzewb-1665118866201)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-39-48.png)] 娣伀 瀹氫箟:鎶婇浂浠跺姞娓╁埌涓寸晫娓╁害浠ヤ笂 30 锝?50鈩?淇濇俯涓€娈垫椂闂?鐒跺悗蹇€熷喎鍗?姘村喎)銆?鐩殑:涓轰簡鑾峰緱椹皬浣撶粍缁?鎻愰珮閽㈢殑纭害鍜岃€愮(鎬с€?浜氬叡鏋愰挗 ac3 30 锝?50 鍏辨瀽閽?ac1 30 锝?50 杩囧叡鏋愰挗 ac1 30 锝?50 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jsvwy3f1-1665118866201)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-47-45.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-yjkrvgga-1665118866202)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-48-25.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-tbam80gd-1665118866202)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-48-50.png)] 閽㈢殑娣‖鎬?( hardening of steel )

瀹氫箟:鏄寚閽㈠湪娣伀鍚庢墍鑳借揪鍒扮殑鏈€楂樼‖搴︺€傚奖鍝嶉挗鐨勬番纭€х殑鍥犵礌:涓昏鍙栧喅浜庨┈姘忎綋鐨勫惈纰抽噺銆?閽㈢殑娣€忔€?/p>

瀹氫箟:鏄寚閽㈠湪娣伀鏃舵墍鑳藉緱鍒扮殑娣‖灞?(椹皬浣撶粍缁囧崰 50%澶? 鐨勬繁搴︺€傚奖鍝嶉挗鐨勬番閫忔€х殑鍥犵礌:涓昏鏄复鐣屾番鐏喎鍗撮€熷害 vk 鐨勫ぇ灏? vk 瓒婂ぇ,閽㈢殑娣€忔€ц秺灏忋€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-7umnxlqx-1665118866203)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-25-09-51-29.png)] 鍥炵伀 瀹氫箟:鎶婃番鐏悗鐨勯浂浠堕噸鏂板姞娓╁埌 a1 绾夸互涓嬫煇涓俯搴?淇濇俯涓€娈垫椂闂?鐒跺悗鍐峰嵈鍒扮獟娓┿€?鐩殑:娑堥櫎娣伀搴斿姏,闄嶄綆鑴嗘€?绋冲畾宸ヤ欢灏哄;璋冩暣娣伀闆朵欢鐨勫姏瀛︽€ц兘銆?娣伀 楂樻俯鍥炵伀 = 璋冭川澶勭悊 鍚嶇о | 娓╁害(鈩? | 缁勭粐 | 鐢ㄩ€?| ------- | ------- | ------- | ------- | ------- 浣庢俯鍥炵伀 | 150 锝?250 | m 鍥?伪0.3%c 蔚 | 鑰愮(浠?涓俯鍥炵伀 | 350 锝?500 | t 鍥?f 閽?fe3c | 绮掑脊绨х瓑 楂樻俯鍥炵伀 | 500 锝?650 | s 鍥?f 澶?fe3c | 鐞冭皟璐ㄤ欢 楂樻俯杞寲 | 650 锝?a1 | p 鍥?f 澶?fe3c | 绮掗珮鍚堥噾閽? 閽㈢殑琛ㄩ潰鐑鐞嗗伐鑹?宸ヨ壓鐨勬牳蹇?浣块浂浠跺叿鏈夆€滆〃纭噷闊р€濈殑鍔涘鎬ц兘銆?/p>

琛ㄩ潰娣伀 瀹氫箟:鏄竴绉嶄笉鏀瑰彉閽㈣〃灞傚寲瀛︽垚鍒?浣嗘敼鍙樿〃灞傜粍缁囩殑灞€閮ㄧ儹澶勭悊宸ヨ壓銆?宸ヨ壓鐗瑰緛:閫氳繃蹇€熷姞鐑娇閽㈢殑琛ㄥ眰濂ユ皬浣撳寲,鐒跺悗鎬ュ喎,浣胯〃灞傚舰鎴愰┈姘忎綋缁勭粐,鑰屽績閮ㄤ粛淇濇寔涓嶅彉銆?甯哥敤鍔犲伐鏂规硶锛氭劅搴斿姞鐑€佺伀鐒板姞鐑€佺數鎺ヨе鍔犵儹娉?琛ㄩ潰娣伀鍓?蹇呴』瀵归浂浠惰繘琛屾鐏垨璋冭川澶勭悊,浠ヤ繚璇侀浂浠舵湁鑹ソ鐨勫熀浣撱€? 鍖栧鐑鐞?瀹氫箟:灏嗛浂浠剁疆浜庝竴瀹氱殑鍖栧浠嬭川涓?閫氳繃鍔犵儹銆佷繚娓?浣夸粙璐ㄤ腑涓€绉嶆垨鍑犵鍏冪礌鍘熷瓙娓楀叆宸ヤ欢琛ㄥ眰,浠ユ敼鍙橀挗琛ㄥ眰鐨勫寲瀛︽垚鍒嗗拰缁勭粐鐨勭儹澶勭悊宸ヨ壓銆?閽㈢殑娓楃⒊

绗竷绔犲悎閲戦挗

涓€.鍚堥噾鍏冪礌瀵归挗鐨勭粍缁囧拰鎬ц兘鐨勫奖鍝?脴 鍚堥噾鍏冪礌涓庨搧鍜岀⒊鐨勪綔鐢ㄣ€?脴 鍚堥噾鍏冪礌瀵?fe-fe3c 鐩稿浘鐨勫奖鍝嶃€?脴 鍚堥噾鍏冪礌瀵归挗鐨勭儹澶勭悊鐨勫奖鍝嶃€?绗簩鑺?鍚堥噾缁撴瀯閽?鏅€氫綆鍚堥噾閽? q345 q390 q460 缁煎悎鎬ц兘濂?鍚堥噾娓楃⒊閽?琛ㄧ‖閲岄煣 鍚堥噾璋冭川閽?鏃㈠己鍙堥煣 寮圭哀閽?闊ф€уソ 婊氬姩杞存壙閽?楂樼殑纭害寮哄害鍜岃€愮(鎬?楂樼殑鎺ヨе鐤插姵寮哄害 瓒冲鐨勯煣鎬у拰鑰愯殌鎬?楂樼殑绾噣搴?鏄撳垏鍓婇挗 閫傜敤浜庨珮閫熷垏鍓婂拰鍦ㄨ嚜鍔ㄥ姞宸ユ満搴婁笂鍔犲伐鐨勬潗鏂欍€?/p>

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绗節绔犳満姊伴浂浠舵潗鏂欑殑閫夌敤

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绗簩绔?杞村悜鎷変几銆佸帇缂╀笌鍓垏

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绗笁绔?鎵浆

搂3-1 鎵浆鐨勬蹇靛拰瀹炰緥 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sdmh84ut-1665118866214)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-23-59.png)] 鍙楀姏鐗瑰緛锛氭潌浠跺彈鍨傜洿浜庢潌杞寸嚎鐨勫钩闈㈠唴涓€瀵瑰ぇ灏忕浉绛夛紝鏂瑰悜鐩稿弽鐨勫鍔涘伓浣滅敤銆?鍙樺舰鐗瑰緛锛氱浉閭绘í鎴潰缁曡酱绾垮彂鐢熺浉瀵硅浆鍔紝鏉嗚〃闈㈢旱鍚戠嚎鍙樻垚铻烘棆绾匡紝浣嗘í鎴潰褰㈢姸涓庡ぇ灏忔湭鍙樸€? 搂3-2 浼犲姩杞寸殑澶栧姏鍋剁煩 鎵煩鍜屾壄鐭╁浘 鐢ㄦ埅闈㈡硶姹傛壄鐭╂椂锛屽缓璁潎鍋囪鍚勬埅闈㈡壄鐭?t 涓烘锛屽鏋滅敱骞宠 鏂圭▼寰楀埌 t 涓烘锛屽垯璇存槑鏄鐨勬壄鐭╋紝濡傛灉涓鸿礋锛屽垯鏄礋鐨勬壄鐭┿€傚湪鐢昏酱鐨勬壄鐭╁浘锛屾鐨勬壄鐭╃敾鍦?x 杞翠笂鏂癸紝璐熺殑鎵煩鐢诲湪 x 杞翠笅鏂广€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-p1iltyly-1665118866214)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-26-28.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-8clbliko-1665118866214)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-26-38.png)] 搂3-3 绾壀鍒?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-l7g5brjq-1665118866215)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-27-08.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-v3bexrew-1665118866215)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-27-43.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-drvfnglr-1665118866216)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-27-58.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-z3qzoszy-1665118866216)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-28-49.png)] 鍒囧簲鍔涗簰绛夊畾鐞嗐€傝瀹氱悊琛ㄦ槑锛氬湪鍗曞厓浣撶浉浜掑瀭鐩寸殑涓や釜骞抽潰涓婏紝鍒囧簲鍔涘繀鐒舵垚瀵瑰嚭鐜帮紝涓旀暟鍊肩浉绛夛紝涓よ€呴兘鍨傜洿浜庝袱骞抽潰鐨勪氦绾匡紝鍏舵柟鍚戝垯鍏卞悓鎸囧悜鎴栧叡鍚岃儗绂昏浜ょ嚎銆?鍗曞厓浣撶殑鍥涗釜渚ч潰涓婂彧鏈夊垏搴斿姏鑰屾棤姝e簲鍔涗綔鐢紝杩欑搴斿姏鐘舵€佺о涓虹函鍓垏搴斿姏鐘舵€併€?缁撳悎 ansys 搴斿姏鍒嗘瀽 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-1qvtdhxs-1665118866216)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-30-32.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-dpswtfsy-1665118866217)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-02-28-10-31-20.png)] 搂3-4 鍦嗚酱鎵浆鏃剁殑搴斿姏銆佸己搴︽潯浠?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ydeb2co7-1665118866217)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-40-35.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ujjhafxk-1665118866218)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-41-01.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-nprsh7fb-1665118866218)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-41-29.png)] 搂3-5 鍦嗚酱鎵浆鏃剁殑鍙樺舰銆佸垰搴︽潯浠?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ld1jhocf-1665118866218)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-41-53.png)]

绗洓绔?寮洸鍐呭姏

搂4-1 寮洸鐨勬蹇靛拰瀹炰緥 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-73jhhi5r-1665118866219)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-43-29.png)] 搂4-2 姊佺殑杞借嵎銆佹敮搴у強鍏剁畝鍖?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-eyegijvf-1665118866219)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-43-41.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uy6lg2ut-1665118866219)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-43-54.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-lzgaubyr-1665118866220)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-44-34.png)] 搂4-3 姊佹í鎴潰涓婄殑鍐呭姏銆佸壀鍔涘拰寮煩 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-skvewqb8-1665118866220)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-45-44.png)] 搂4-4 鍓姏鏂圭▼鍜屽集鐭╂柟绋嬨€佸壀鍔涘浘鍜屽集鐭╁浘 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xkxe8bfk-1665118866221)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-46-21.png)] 搂4-5 杞借嵎闆嗗害銆佸壀鍔涘拰寮煩涔嬮棿鐨勫叧绯诲強鍏跺簲鐢?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-esm3quoq-1665118866221)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-47-27.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-s5mld3ne-1665118866221)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-47-48.png)]

绗簲绔?寮洸搴斿姏

搂5-1 绾集鏇?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-rxt6gsfn-1665118866222)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-49-49.png)] 搂5-2 绾集鏇叉椂鐨勬搴斿姏 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-yksgw2tf-1665118866222)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-50-36.png)] 搂5-3 妯姏寮洸鏃剁殑姝e簲鍔涖€佹搴斿姏寮哄害鏉′欢 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-9tiu3dbz-1665118866223)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-51-11.png)] 搂5-4 妯姏寮洸鏃剁殑鍒囧簲鍔?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ywvay7gx-1665118866223)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-51-45.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-htohiiwe-1665118866223)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-51-54.png)] 搂5-5 鎻愰珮寮洸寮哄害鐨勬帾鏂?涓€銆佸悎鐞嗗畨鎺掓鐨勫彈鍔涙儏鍐?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ksjk8npj-1665118866224)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-53-37.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gyywptyy-1665118866224)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-53-50.png)] 姊佺殑鍚勬í鎴潰涓婄殑鏈€澶ф搴斿姏閮界瓑浜庢潗鏂欑殑璁哥敤搴斿姏[飦砞鏃讹紝绉颁负绛夊己搴︽銆?

绗叚绔?寮洸鍙樺舰

搂6-1 鎸犳洸绾垮井鍒嗘柟绋?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gynergoe-1665118866225)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-56-12.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ysotkj04-1665118866226)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-56-26.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-l0ekxiup-1665118866227)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-56-45.png)] 璁$畻杈冨锛屼笉鍐嶈缁嗚褰? 搂6-4 鎻愰珮寮洸鍒氬害鐨勬帾鏂?涓€銆佹敼鍠勭粨鏋勫舰寮忥紝鍑忓皯寮煩鏁板€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cnyjalvf-1665118866227)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-58-00.png)] 浜屻€侀€夋嫨鍚堢悊鐨勬埅闈㈠舰鐘?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-roolfu3r-1665118866228)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-58-13.png)] 涓?銆侀€夌敤楂樺己搴︽潗鏂欙紝鎻愰珮璁哥敤搴斿姏鍊?鍚岀被鏉愭枡锛屸€淓鈥濆€肩浉宸笉澶氾紝鈥滐伋b鈥濈浉宸緝澶э紝鏁呮崲鐢ㄥ悓绫绘潗鏂欏彧鑳芥彁楂樺己搴︼紝涓嶈兘鎻愰珮鍒氬害鍜岀ǔ瀹氭€с€?涓嶅悓绫绘潗鏂欙紝e 鍜?g 閮界浉宸緢澶氾紙閽?e=200gpa , 閾?e=100gpa锛夛紝鏁呭彲閫夌敤涓嶅悓鐨勬潗鏂欎互杈惧埌鎻愰珮鍒氬害鍜岀ǔ瀹氭€х殑鐩殑銆備絾鏄紝鏀规崲鏉愭枡锛屽叾鍘熸枡璐圭敤涔熶細闅忎箣鍙戠敓寰堝ぇ鐨勬敼鍙橈紒 鍥?銆佹敼鍙樼粨鏋勭殑浣撶郴 鎵€璋撴敼鍙樼粨鏋勭殑浣撶郴鏉ユ彁楂樻鐨勫垰搴﹀湪杩欓噷鏄寚澧炲姞姊佺殑鏀骇绾︽潫浣块潤瀹氭鎴愪负瓒呴潤瀹氭锛屼緥濡傚湪鎮噦姊佺殑鑷敱绔鍔犱竴涓摪鏀骇锛屽張渚嬪鍦ㄧ畝鏀鐨勮法涓鍔犱竴涓摪鏀骇銆?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-1la1kybi-1665118866229)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-58-49.png)]

绗竷绔?绠€鍗曠殑瓒呴潤瀹氶棶棰?/p>

搂7-1 瓒呴潤瀹氶棶棰樺強鍏惰в娉?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-4n5ckxmm-1665118866229)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-09-59-57.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jdooxcfl-1665118866229)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-00-29.png)] 搂7-2 鎷夊帇瓒呴潤瀹氶棶棰? 搂7-3 鎵浆瓒呴潤瀹氶棶棰? 搂7-4 绠€鍗曡秴闈欏畾姊?鍦ㄥ伐绋嬪疄闄呬腑锛屾湁鏃朵负浜嗘彁楂樻鐨勫己搴︿笌鍒氬害锛屾垨鐢变簬鏋勯€犱笂鐨勯渶瑕侊紝寰€寰€缁欓潤瀹氭娣诲姞闄勫姞鏀骇锛屼粠鑰屼娇寰楁涓婄害鏉熷弽鍔涚殑鏁扮洰瓒呰繃浜嗙嫭绔嬬殑闈欏姏骞宠 鏂圭▼鏁扮洰锛岃繖绫绘绉颁负瓒呴潤瀹氭銆?

绗叓绔?搴斿姏鐘舵€佸拰寮哄害鐞嗚

搂8-1 搴斿姏鐘舵€佺殑姒傚康 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xgcm4yzz-1665118866230)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-06-04.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-9rfujkri-1665118866230)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-06-17.png)] 涓嶄粎妯埅闈笂瀛樺湪搴斿姏锛屾枩鎴潰涓婁篃瀛樺湪搴斿姏銆?涓嶄粎瑕佺爺绌舵í鎴潰涓婄殑搴斿姏锛岃€屼笖涔熻鐮旂┒鏂滄埅闈笂鐨勫簲鍔涖€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-bew0mvnt-1665118866231)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-06-47.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-yvhynbso-1665118866231)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-07-05.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-0giemmjf-1665118866232)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-07-17.png)] 搂8-2 浜屽悜搴斿姏鐘舵€佸垎鏋?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-zqs57koq-1665118866232)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-07-33.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jznsdctk-1665118866232)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-08-03.png)] 搂8-3 涓夊悜搴斿姏鐘舵€佺畝浠?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-hkw7pm8d-1665118866233)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-08-30.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-rd5msgep-1665118866233)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-08-40.png)] 搂8-4 骞夸箟鑳″厠瀹氬緥 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-rmznsi5m-1665118866234)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-09-02.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-kfui7ydv-1665118866234)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-09-34.png)] 搂8-6 寮哄害鐞嗚 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cpbqg7km-1665118866235)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-09-58.png)]

鏈€澶ф媺搴斿姏锛堢涓€寮哄害锛夌悊璁猴細 璁や负鏋勪欢鐨勬柇瑁傛槸鐢辨渶澶ф媺搴斿姏寮曡捣鐨勩€傚綋鏈€澶ф媺搴斿姏杈惧埌鍗曞悜鎷変几鐨勫己搴︽瀬闄愭椂锛屾瀯浠跺氨鏂銆?璇曢獙璇佹槑锛岃繖涓€鐞嗚涓庨摳閾併€佸博鐭炽€佺牸銆侀櫠鐡枫€佺幓鐠冪瓑鑴嗘€ф潗鏂欑殑鎷夋柇璇曢獙缁撴灉鐩哥锛岃繖浜涙潗鏂欏湪杞村悜鎷変几鏃剁殑鏂鐮村潖鍙戠敓浜庢媺搴斿姏鏈€澶х殑妯埅闈笂銆?鑴嗘€ф潗鏂欑殑鎵浆鐮村潖锛屼篃鏄部鎷夊簲鍔涙渶澶х殑鏂滈潰鍙戠敓鏂锛岃繖浜涢兘涓庢渶澶ф媺搴斿姏鐞嗚鐩哥锛屼絾杩欎釜鐞嗚娌℃湁鑰冭檻鍏跺畠涓や釜涓诲簲鍔涚殑褰卞搷銆? 鏈€澶т几闀跨嚎搴斿彉锛堢浜屽己搴︼級鐞嗚锛?璁や负鏋勪欢鐨勬柇瑁傛槸鐢辨渶澶ф媺搴斿姏寮曡捣鐨勩€傚綋鏈€澶т几闀跨嚎搴斿彉杈惧埌鍗曞悜鎷変几璇曢獙涓嬬殑鏋侀檺搴斿彉鏃讹紝鏋勪欢灏辨柇瑁傘€? 鏈€澶у垏搴斿姏锛堢涓夊己搴︼級鐞嗚锛?璁や负鏋勪欢鐨勫眻鏈嶆槸鐢辨渶澶у垏搴斿姏寮曡捣鐨勩€傚綋鏈€澶у垏搴斿姏杈惧埌鍗曞悜鎷変几璇曢獙鐨勬瀬闄愬垏搴斿姏鏃讹紝鏋勪欢灏辩牬鍧忎簡銆?绗笁寮哄害鐞嗚鏇捐璁稿濉戞€ф潗鏂欑殑璇曢獙缁撴灉鎵€璇佸疄锛屼笖绋嶅亸浜庡畨鍏ㄣ€傝繖涓悊璁烘墍鎻愪緵鐨勮绠楀紡姣旇緝绠€鍗曪紝鏁呭畠鍦ㄥ伐绋嬭璁′腑寰楀埌浜嗗箍娉涚殑搴旂敤銆?璇ョ悊璁烘病鏈夎€冭檻涓棿涓诲簲鍔?蟽2 鐨勫奖鍝嶏紝鍏跺甫鏉ョ殑鏈€澶ц宸笉瓒呰繃 15锛咃紝鑰屽湪澶у鏁版儏鍐典笅杩滄瘮姝や负灏忋€? 鐣稿彉鑳藉瘑搴︾悊璁猴紙绗洓寮哄害鐞嗚锛夛細 鍩烘湰鍋囪锛氱暩鍙樿兘瀵嗗害鏄紩璧锋潗鏂欏鎬у眻鏈嶇殑涓昏鍥犵礌銆?閫傜敤鑼冨洿锛氬畠鏃㈢獊鍑轰簡鏈€澶т富鍒囧簲鍔涘濉戞€у眻鏈嶇殑浣滅敤锛屽張閫傚綋鑰冭檻浜嗗叾瀹冧袱涓富鍒囧簲鍔涚殑褰卞搷锛屽畠涓庡鎬ц緝濂芥潗鏂欑殑璇曢獙缁撴灉姣旂涓夊己搴︾悊璁虹鍚堝緱鏇村ソ銆傛鍑嗗垯涔熺о涓虹背濉炴柉锛圡ises 锛夊眻鏈嶅噯鍒欍€?鐢变簬鏈烘銆佸姩鍔涜涓氶亣鍒扮殑杞借嵎寰€寰€杈冧笉绋冲畾锛屽洜鑰岃緝澶氬湴閲囩敤鍋忎簬瀹夊叏鐨勭涓夊己搴︾悊璁猴紱鍦熷缓琛屼笟鐨勮浇鑽峰線寰€杈冧负绋冲畾锛屽畨鍏ㄧ郴鏁扮殑浼拌杈冨噯纭紝鍥犺€岃緝澶氬湴閲囩敤绗洓寮哄害鐞嗚銆?杩欎釜鐞嗚鍜岃澶氬鎬ф潗鏂欑殑璇曢獙缁撴灉鐩哥锛岀敤杩欎釜鐞嗚鍒ゆ柇纰崇礌閽㈢殑灞堟湇澶辨晥鏄浉褰撳噯纭殑銆?

绗節绔?缁勫悎鍙樺舰

搂9-1 姒傝堪 搂9-2 鎷変几锛堝帇缂╋級涓庡集鏇茬殑缁勫悎 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-poo2bdnv-1665118866235)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-14-11.png)] 搂9-3 寮洸涓庢壄杞殑缁勫悎

绗崄绔?鍘嬫潌绋冲畾

搂10-1 鍘嬫潌绋冲畾鐨勬蹇?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sabqfefa-1665118866236)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-15-25.png)] 搂10-2 涓ょ閾版敮缁嗛暱鏉嗙殑涓寸晫鍘嬪姏 搂10-3 涓嶅悓鏉嗙绾︽潫涓嬬粏闀垮帇鏉嗕复鐣屽姏 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-qozkv98a-1665118866236)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-16-04.png)] 搂10-4 娆ф媺鍏紡鐨勯€傜敤鑼冨洿 缁忛獙鍏紡 搂10-5 鍘嬫潌鐨勭ǔ瀹氳绠? 搂10-6 鎻愰珮鍘嬫潌绋冲畾鐨勬帾鏂?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-m3fhscgm-1665118866237)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-01-10-16-24.png)]

绗崄涓€绔?鑳介噺娉?/p>

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绗崄浜岀珷 鍔ㄨ浇鑽?/p>

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绗崄涓夌珷 鐤插姵

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鏈烘鍘熺悊

绗竴绔犵华璁?/p>

鏈烘瀯鏄寚涓€绉嶇敤鏉ヤ紶閫掍笌鍙樻崲杩愬姩鍜屽姏鐨勫彲鍔ㄨ缃€?/p>

鏈哄櫒鏄寚涓€绉嶆墽琛屾満姊拌繍鍔ㄨ缃紝鍙敤鏉ュ彉鎹㈠拰浼犻€掕兘閲忋€佺墿鏂欏拰淇℃伅銆?/p>

绗簩绔犳満鏋勭殑缁撴瀯鍒嗘瀽

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绗笁绔犲钩闈㈡満鏋勭殑杩愬姩鍒嗘瀽

3-1 鏈烘瀯杩愬姩鍒嗘瀽鐨勪换鍔°€佺洰鐨勫拰鏂规硶 3-2 鐢ㄩ€熷害鐬績娉曚綔鏈烘瀯鐨勯€熷害鍒嗘瀽 涓夊績瀹氱悊:褰兼浣滃钩闈㈣繍鍔ㄧ殑涓変釜鏋勪欢鐨勪笁涓灛蹇冨繀浣嶄簬鍚屼竴鐩寸嚎涓娿€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ppl7z4fn-1665118866238)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-07-22.png)] 3-3 鐢ㄧ煝閲忔柟绋嬪浘瑙f硶浣滄満鏋勭殑閫熷害鍙婂姞閫熷害鍒嗘瀽 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-u2kigdfi-1665118866239)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-07-35.png)] 3-4 缁煎悎杩愮敤鐬績娉曞拰鐭㈤噺鏂圭▼鍥捐в娉?瀵瑰鏉傛満鏋勮繘琛岄€熷害鍒嗘瀽 3-5 鐢ㄨв鏋愭硶浣滄満鏋勭殑杩愬姩鍒嗘瀽

绗洓绔犲钩闈㈡満鏋勭殑鍔涘垎鏋?/p>

4-1 鏈烘瀯鍔涘垎鏋愮殑浠诲姟鍜屾柟娉?/p>

(1)椹卞姩鍔涢┍鍔ㄦ満姊拌繍鍔ㄧ殑鍔涖€傚叾鐗瑰緛:涓庡叾浣滅敤鐐圭殑閫熷害鏂瑰悜鐩稿悓鎴栬€呮垚閿愯;鍏跺姛涓烘鍔燂紝绉颁负椹卞姩鍔熸垨杈撳叆鍔熴€?2)闃绘姉鍔涢樆姝㈡満姊拌繍鍔ㄧ殑鍔涖€傚叾鐗瑰緛:涓庡叾浣滅敤鐐圭殑閫熷害鏂瑰悜鐩稿弽鎴栨垚閽濊;鍏跺姛涓鸿礋鍔燂紝绉颁负闃绘姉鍔熴€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-dwhu2r8t-1665118866239)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-09-59.png)] 4-2 鏋勪欢鎯€у姏鐨勭‘瀹?/p>

涓€鑸姏瀛︽柟娉曡川閲忎唬鎹㈡硶 4-3 杩愬姩鍓腑鎽╂摝鍔涚殑纭畾 4-4 涓嶈€冭檻鎽╂摝鏃舵満鏋勭殑鍔涘垎鏋? 4-5 鑰冭檻鎽╂摝鏃舵満鏋勭殑鍔涘垎鏋?

绗簲绔犳満姊扮殑鏁堢巼鍜岃嚜閿?/p>

5-1 鏈烘鐨勬晥鐜?鎼炴竻妤氫覆骞惰仈 50 50 涓?25 50 50 骞?50 5-2 鏈烘鐨勮嚜閿?(1)鑷攣鐜拌薄鏌愪簺鏈烘,灏卞叾鏈烘鑰岃█鏄兘澶熻繍鍔ㄧ殑锛屼絾鐢变簬鎽╂摝鐨勫瓨鍦紝鍗翠細鍑虹幇鏃犺椹卞姩鍔涘浣曞澶э紝涔熸棤娉曚娇鏈烘杩愬姩鐨勭幇璞°€?(2)鑷攣鎰忎箟璁捐鏈烘鏃讹紝涓轰娇鏈烘鑳藉疄鐜伴鏈熺殑杩愬姩锛屽繀椤婚伩鍏嶆満姊板湪鎵€闇€鐨勮繍鍔ㄦ柟鍚戝彂鐢熻嚜閿?鏈変簺鏈烘鐨勫伐浣滈渶瑕佸叿鏈夎嚜閿佺殑鐗规€э紝濡傛墜鎽囪灪鏃嬪崈鏂ら《銆?(3)鑷攣鏉′欢鏈烘鍙戠敓鑷攣瀹炶川涓婃槸鏈烘涓殑杩愬姩鍓彂鐢熶簡鑷攣銆?

绗叚绔犳満姊扮殑骞宠 

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璐ㄥ緞绉〃绀烘硶杞瓙鐨勮鐢ㄤ笉骞宠 璐ㄥ緞绉互[mr]琛ㄧず锛屽畠鏄笌杞瓙璐ㄩ噺鏈夊叧鐨勪竴涓浉瀵归噺銆傚父鐢ㄤ簬鍏蜂綋缁欏畾鐨勮浆瀛愶紝瀹冩瘮杈冪洿瑙傚張渚夸簬骞宠 鎿嶄綔銆傚亸蹇冭窛琛ㄧず娉曡浆瀛愮殑璐ㄥ績鑷冲洖杞酱绾跨殑璁哥敤鍋忓績璺濅互[e]琛ㄧず锛屽畠鏄笌杞瓙璐ㄩ噺鏃犲叧鐨勭粷瀵归噺锛岀敤浜庤 閲忚浆瀛愬钩琛$殑浼樺姡鎴栬 閲忓钩琛$殑妫€娴嬬簿搴︽椂锛屾瘮杈冩柟渚裤€? 6-5 鎸犳€ц浆瀛愬姩骞宠 绠€杩?娌℃湁鍐呭) 6-6 骞抽潰鏈烘瀯鐨勫钩琛?鏈烘瀯鐨勯儴鍒嗗钩琛℃槸瀵规満鏋勭殑鎬绘儻鎬у姏鍙渶骞宠 鍏朵腑鐨勪竴閮ㄥ垎鐨勫钩琛°€傛満鏋勭殑閮ㄥ垎骞宠 鏈変互涓嬪嚑绉嶆柟娉曘€?

绗竷绔犳満姊扮殑杩愯浆鍙婂叾閫熷害娉㈠姩鐨勮皟鑺?/p>

绗叓绔犲钩闈㈣繛鏉嗘満鏋勫強鍏惰璁?/p>

杩炴潌鏈烘瀯璁捐鐨勫熀鏈棶棰樻槸鏍规嵁缁欏畾鐨勮姹傞€夊畾鏈烘瀯鐨勫瀷寮忥紝纭畾鍚勬瀯浠剁殑灏哄锛屽悓鏃惰繕瑕佹弧瓒崇粨鏋勬潯浠躲€佸姩鍔涙潯浠跺拰杩愬姩杩炵画鏉′欢绛夈€?/p>

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ypfxtc97-1665118866239)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-31-10.png)]

绗節绔犲嚫杞満鏋勫強鍏惰璁?/p>

9-1 鍑歌疆鏈烘瀯鐨勫簲鐢ㄥ拰鍒嗙被 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sdh5acjg-1665118866240)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-32-09.png)] 9-2 鎺ㄦ潌鐨勮繍鍔ㄨ寰? 9-3 鍑歌疆杞粨鏇茬嚎鐨勮璁? 9-4 鍑歌疆鏈烘瀯鍩烘湰灏哄鐨勭‘瀹?

绗崄绔犻娇杞満鏋勫強鍏惰璁?/p>

10-1 榻胯疆鏈烘瀯鐨勫簲鐢ㄥ強鍒嗙被 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-eypiqllc-1665118866240)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-36-41.png)] 10-2 榻胯疆鐨勯娇寤撴洸绾?涓€瀵归娇杞紶鍔ㄦ槸渚濋潬瀹冧滑鐨勫叡杞娇寤撴潵瀹炵幇鐨勩€? 10-3 娓愬紑绾块娇寤撶殑鍠峰悎鐗圭偣 10-4 娓愬紑绾挎爣鍑嗛娇杞殑鍩烘湰鍙傛暟鍜屽嚑浣曞昂瀵?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-2nnpgn6q-1665118866240)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-37-31.png)] 10-5 娓愬紑绾跨洿榻垮渾鏌遍娇杞殑鍟悎浼犲姩 涓€瀵规笎寮€绾块娇杞湪浼犲姩鏃讹紝瀹冧滑鐨勯娇寤撳暜鍚堢偣閮藉簲浣嶄簬鍏跺暜鍚堢嚎涓娿€傚洜姝よ涓よ疆鑳芥纭暜鍚堬紝搴斾娇澶勪簬鍟悎绾夸笂鐨勫瀵硅疆榻胯兘鍚屾椂杩涘叆鍟悎銆傚嵆搴旀弧瓒充袱榻胯疆鐨勬硶鍚戦娇璺濈浉绛?閲嶅悎搴︼細鐢ㄦ潵琛¢噺榻胯疆杩炵画浼犲姩鐨勬潯浠?浠h〃鍚屾椂鍙備笌鍟悎鐨勮疆榻垮鏁扮殑骞冲潎鍊笺€傚澶ч噸鍚堝害锛屽悓鏃跺弬涓庡暜鍚堢殑杞娇瀵规暟澧炲姞锛屾晠杩欏浜庢彁楂橀娇杞紶鍔ㄥ钩绋虫€э紝鎻愰珮鎵胯浇鑳藉姏閮芥湁閲嶈鎰忎箟銆? 10-6 娓愬紑绾块娇杞殑鍙樹綅淇 鈥滃彉浣嶄慨姝f硶鈥濅负鐩墠鏈€涓哄箍娉涢噰鐢ㄧ殑涓€绉嶉娇杞慨姝f柟娉曘€?姝e彉浣嶉娇杞?璐熷彉浣嶉娇杞? 10-7 鏂滈娇鍦嗘煴榻胯疆浼犲姩 10-8 铚楁潌浼犲姩 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-qxfimxhl-1665118866241)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-41-17.png)] 10-9 鍦嗛敟榻胯疆浼犲姩

绗崄涓€绔犻娇杞郴鍙婂叾璁捐

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sgiwhzp9-1665118866242)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-42-20.png)]

绗崄浜岀珷鍏朵粬甯哥敤鏈烘瀯

[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-fqfwygh0-1665118866242)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-02-15-42-38.png)]

鏈烘璁捐

01 缁

鏈绋嬩腑鈥滆璁♀€濈殑鍚箟鏄寚鏈烘瑁呯疆鐨勫疄浣撹璁★紝娑夊強闆朵欢鐨勫簲鍔涖€佸己搴︾殑鍒嗘瀽璁$畻锛屾潗鏂欑殑閫夋嫨銆佺粨鏋勮璁★紝鑰冭檻鍔犲伐宸ヨ壓鎬с€佹爣鍑嗗寲浠ュ強缁忔祹鎬с€佺幆澧冧繚鎶ょ瓑銆?/p>

02 鏈烘璁捐鎬昏

2-1 鏈哄櫒鐨勭粍鎴?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-tsvvtmt3-1665118866243)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-30-24.png)] 2-2 璁捐鏈哄櫒鐨勪竴鑸▼搴?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-bs6okxck-1665118866243)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-30-41.png)] 2-3 瀵规満鍣ㄧ殑涓昏瑕佹眰 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-96byewuh-1665118866244)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-31-06.png)] 2-4 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勪富瑕佸け鏁堝舰寮?锛堜竴锛夋暣浣撴柇瑁?鏁翠綋鏂鏄寚闆朵欢鍦ㄨ浇鑽蜂綔鐢ㄤ笅锛屽叾鍗遍櫓鎴潰鐨勫簲鍔涜秴杩囬浂浠剁殑寮哄害鏋侀檺鑰屽鑷寸殑鏂锛屾垨鍦ㄥ彉搴斿姏浣滅敤涓嬶紝鍗遍櫓鎴潰鍙戠敓鐨勭柌鍔虫柇瑁傘€?锛堜簩锛夎繃澶х殑娈嬩綑鍙樺舰褰撲綔鐢ㄤ簬闆朵欢涓婄殑搴斿姏瓒呰繃浜嗘潗鏂欑殑灞堟湇鏋侀檺锛岄浂浠跺皢浜х敓娈嬩綑鍙樺舰銆?锛堜笁锛夐浂浠剁殑琛ㄩ潰鐮村潖 闆朵欢鐨勮〃闈㈢牬鍧忎富瑕佹槸鑵愯殌銆佺(鎹熷拰鎺ヨе鐤插姵锛堢偣铓€锛夈€?锛堝洓锛夌牬鍧忔甯稿伐浣滄潯浠跺紩璧风殑澶辨晥 鏈変簺闆朵欢鍙湁鍦ㄤ竴瀹氱殑宸ヤ綔鏉′欢涓嬫墠鑳芥甯哥殑宸ヤ綔锛屽锛? 2-5 璁捐鏈烘闆朵欢鏃跺簲婊¤冻鐨勫熀鏈姹?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-wwak9xaa-1665118866245)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-33-19.png)] 2-6 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勮绠楀噯鍒?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uvvanpj0-1665118866245)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-33-34.png)] 2-7 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勮璁℃柟娉?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-djbssgfb-1665118866246)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-33-52.png)] 2-8 鏈烘闆朵欢璁捐鐨勪竴鑸楠?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-qfofqlxh-1665118866246)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-34-02.png)] 2-9 鏈烘闆朵欢鏉愭枡鐨勯€夌敤鍘熷垯 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-77hffqrj-1665118866247)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-34-17.png)] 2-10 鏈烘闆朵欢璁捐涓殑鏍囧噯鍖?鏍囧噯鍖栧氨鏄閫氳繃瀵归浂浠剁殑灏哄銆佺粨鏋勮绱犮€佹潗鏂欐€ц兘銆佽璁℃柟娉曘€佸埗鍥捐姹傜瓑锛屽埗瀹氬嚭澶у鍏卞悓閬靛畧鐨勬爣鍑嗐€?鏍囧噯鍖栨湁鍒╀簬淇濊瘉浜у搧璐ㄩ噺锛屽噺杞昏璁″伐浣滈噺锛屼究浜庨浂閮ㄤ欢鐨勪簰鎹㈠拰缁勭粐涓撲笟鍖栫殑澶х敓浜э紝浠ラ檷浣庣敓浜ф垚鏈€?

03 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勫己搴?/p>

3-1 鏉愭枡鐨勭柌鍔崇壒鎬?闈欏簲鍔涘彧鑳藉湪闈欒浇鑽蜂綔鐢ㄤ笅浜х敓銆?鍙樺簲鍔涘彲鑳界敱鍙樿浇鑽蜂骇鐢燂紝涔熷彲鑳界敱闈欒浇鑽蜂骇鐢燂紙杞姩杞翠緥锛?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gaxyapt0-1665118866247)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-36-44.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-znqnmxeu-1665118866248)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-36-58.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-mqkwygtu-1665118866248)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-37-07.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-nrwdvnw9-1665118866248)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-37-22.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ru98rgve-1665118866249)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-41-51.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-3y5li1ls-1665118866249)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-42-02.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-9zasxzti-1665118866250)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-42-40.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-vzxvyjww-1665118866250)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-43-04.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-nkimzjkp-1665118866251)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-43-46.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-a2mvvfbe-1665118866251)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-44-00.png)] 3-2 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勭柌鍔冲己搴﹁绠?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ourx1ely-1665118866252)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-44-16.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-w9abzc7g-1665118866253)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-45-43.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-oehiwqdy-1665118866253)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-50-59.png)] 3-3 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勬姉鏂寮哄害 銆€銆€鍦ㄥ伐绋嬪疄闄呬腑锛屽線寰€浼氬彂鐢熷伐浣滃簲鍔涘皬浜庤鐢ㄥ簲鍔涙椂鎵€鍙戠敓鐨勭獊鐒舵柇瑁傦紝杩欑鐜拌薄绉颁负浣庡簲鍔涜剢鏂€?閫氳繃瀵瑰ぇ閲忕粨鏋勬柇瑁備簨鏁呭垎鏋愯〃鏄庯紝缁撴瀯鍐呴儴瑁傜汗鍜岀己闄风殑瀛樺湪鏄鑷翠綆搴斿姏鏂鐨勫唴鍦ㄥ師鍥犮€? 3-4 鏈烘闆朵欢鐨勬帴瑙﹀己搴?

04 鎽╂摝纾ㄦ崯鍙婃鼎婊?/p>

4-0 姒傝堪 4-1 鎽╂摝 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ueuvd9gs-1665118866254)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-54-07.png)] 4-2 纾ㄦ崯 涓€涓浂浠剁殑纾ㄦ崯杩囩▼澶ц嚧鍙垎涓轰笁涓樁娈碉紝鍗筹細

飪?纾ㄥ悎闃舵銆€鏂扮殑闆朵欢鍦ㄥ紑濮嬩娇鐢ㄦ椂涓€鑸浜庤繖涓€闃舵锛岀(鎹熺巼杈冮珮銆傦儼 绋冲畾纾ㄦ崯闃舵銆€灞炰簬闆朵欢姝e父宸ヤ綔闃舵锛岀(鎹熺巼绋冲畾涓旇緝浣庛€傦儼 鍓х儓纾ㄦ崯闃舵銆€灞炰簬闆朵欢鍗冲皢鎶ュ簾鐨勯樁娈碉紝纾ㄦ崯鐜囨€ュ墽鍗囬珮銆?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-hld2ha05-1665118866254)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-55-07.png)] 4-3 娑︽粦鍓傘€佹坊鍔犲墏鍜屾鼎婊戞柟娉?/p>

娑︽粦娌?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-kwxtrsgg-1665118866255)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-55-38.png)] 娑︽粦鑴?娑︽粦娌逛笌鍚勭绋犲寲鍓傦紙閽欍€侀挔銆侀摑銆侀攤绛夐噾灞炵殏锛夋贩鍚堢鍖栬€屾垚銆?浼樼偣锛氬瘑灏佺畝鍗曪紝涓嶉渶瑕佺粡甯告坊鍔狅紝涓嶆槗娴佸け锛屽閫熷害鍜屾俯搴︿笉鏁忔劅锛岄€傜敤鑼冨洿骞裤€?缂虹偣锛氭懇鎿︽崯鑰楄緝澶с€佹満姊版晥鐜囦綆锛屼笉閫傚疁楂橀€熷満鍚堛€? 鍥轰綋娑︽粦鍓?鐢ㄤ簬娑︽粦娌逛笉鑳借儨浠诲伐浣滅殑鍦哄悎锛氶珮娓┿€佷綆閫熼噸杞姐€? 娑︽粦娌规鼎婊戝湪宸ョ▼涓殑搴旂敤鏈€鏅亶锛屽父鐢ㄧ殑渚涙补鏂瑰紡鏈夛細 婊存补娑︽粦銆佹蹈娌规鼎婊戙€侀婧呮鼎婊戙€佸柗娌规鼎婊戙€佹补闆炬鼎婊戠瓑 4-4 娴佷綋娑︽粦鍘熺悊绠€浠?涓€銆佹祦浣撳姩鍔涙鼎婊?浜屻€佸脊鎬ф祦浣撳姩鍔涙鼎婊?涓夈€佹祦浣撻潤鍔涙鼎婊?

05 铻虹汗

5-1 铻虹汗 铻烘棆绾库€斺€斾竴鍔ㄧ偣鍦ㄤ竴鍦嗘煴浣撶殑琛ㄩ潰涓婏紝涓€杈圭粫杞寸嚎绛夐€熸棆杞紝鍚屾椂娌胯酱鍚戜綔绛夐€熺щ鍔ㄧ殑杞ㄨ抗銆?铻虹汗鈥斺€斾竴骞抽潰鍥惧舰娌胯灪鏃嬬嚎杩愬姩锛岃繍鍔ㄦ椂淇濇寔璇ュ浘褰㈤€氳繃鍦嗘煴浣撶殑杞寸嚎锛屽氨寰楀埌铻虹汗銆?铻虹汗鏈夊铻虹汗涓庡唴铻虹汗涔嬪垎锛屽畠浠叡鍚岀粍鎴愯灪鏃嬪壇銆? 5-2 铻虹汗杩炴帴鐨勭被鍨嬩笌鏍囧噯杩炴帴浠?铻虹汗鎸夊伐浣滄€ц川鍒嗕负杩炴帴鐢ㄨ灪绾瑰拰浼犲姩鐢ㄨ灪绾广€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-f4j0xame-1665118866255)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-09-59-53.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-aypbieyv-1665118866256)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-01-34.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-wjrzkd1l-1665118866256)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-01-45.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ag5pqvu7-1665118866256)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-02-12.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-6tetxesb-1665118866257)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-02-20.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-3vvqxcqn-1665118866257)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-02-35.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-wnsgfwh9-1665118866258)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-03-46.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-skbovjum-1665118866259)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-04-00.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-qmv85qjp-1665118866259)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-04-36.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ov34l7sw-1665118866260)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-04-50.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-yx5f7ups-1665118866260)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-05-09.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-zilxzcke-1665118866261)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-05-21.png)] 5-3 铻虹汗杩炴帴鐨勯绱?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ruglnhh6-1665118866261)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-08-16.png)] 5-4 铻虹汗杩炴帴鐨勯槻鏉?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-5ers7or5-1665118866262)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-08-29.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-bxllfkj6-1665118866262)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-08-42.png)] 5-5 铻虹汗杩炴帴鐨勫己搴﹁绠?杩炴帴鐨勫け鏁堝舰寮忥細涓昏鏄寚铻虹汗杩炴帴浠剁殑澶辨晥銆傚浜庡彈鎷夎灪鏍擄紝鍏跺け鏁堝舰寮忎富瑕佹槸铻虹汗閮ㄥ垎鐨勫鎬у彉褰㈠拰铻烘潌鐨勭柌鍔虫柇瑁傘€傚浜庡彈鍓灪鏍擄紝鍏跺け鏁堝舰寮忓彲鑳芥槸铻烘爴鏉嗚鍓柇鎴栬灪鏍撴潌鍜屽瓟澹佺殑璐村悎闈㈣鍘嬫簝銆?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-1jgfnfpk-1665118866263)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-09-32.png)] 5-6 铻虹汗杩炴帴缁勭殑璁捐 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-c17glhe7-1665118866264)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-10-07.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-s817lfhb-1665118866264)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-10-27.png)] 5-7 铻虹汗杩炴帴浠剁殑鏉愭枡涓庤鐢ㄥ簲鍔?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-mj4kg5je-1665118866265)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-10-56.png)] 5-8 鎻愰珮铻虹汗杩炴帴寮哄害鐨勬帾鏂?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uyazhfl8-1665118866265)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-11-30.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ywar0a6m-1665118866266)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-11-44.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ovwgoah8-1665118866266)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-11-56.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-mu2whqgn-1665118866267)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-12-08.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-0xi0vnl3-1665118866267)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-12-22.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ls0fiooa-1665118866268)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-12-32.png)] 5-9 铻烘棆浼犲姩

06 閿?/p>

6-1 閿繛鎺?/p>

骞抽敭杩炴帴 鐗圭偣锛氬钩閿殑涓や晶闈㈡槸宸ヤ綔闈紝涓婅〃闈笌杞瘋涓婄殑閿ы搴曢儴涔嬮棿鐣欐湁闂撮殭锛岄敭鐨勪笂銆佷笅琛ㄩ潰涓洪潪宸ヤ綔闈€傚伐浣滄椂闈犻敭涓庨敭妲戒晶闈㈢殑鎸ゅ帇鏉ヤ紶閫掓壄鐭╋紝鏁呭畾蹇冩€ц緝濂姐€?鏅€氬钩閿?瀵煎悜骞抽敭 婊戦敭鍗婂渾閿繛鎺?鐗圭偣锛氶敭鍛堝崐鍦嗗舰锛屽叾渚ч潰涓哄伐浣滈潰锛岄敭鑳藉湪杞翠笂鐨勯敭妲戒腑缁曞叾鍦嗗績鎽嗗姩锛?浠ラ€傚簲杞瘋涓婇敭妲界殑鏂滃害锛屽畨瑁呮柟渚裤€傚父鐢ㄤ笌閿ュ舰杞寸娓旇疆鏁呯殑杩炴帴銆傛閿繛鎺?鐗圭偣锛氭閿殑涓娿€佷笅琛ㄩ潰涓哄伐浣滈潰锛屼袱渚ч潰涓洪潪宸ヤ綔闈€傞敭鐨勪笂琛ㄩ潰涓庨敭妲藉簳闈㈠潎鏈?1:100 鐨勬枩搴︺€傚伐浣滄椂锛岄敭鐨勪笂涓嬩袱宸ヤ綔闈㈠垎鍒笌杞瘋鍜岃酱鐨勯敭妲藉伐浣滈潰鍘嬬揣锛岄潬鍏舵懇鎿﹀姏鍜屾尋鍘嬩紶閫掓壄鐭┿€傚垏鍚戦敭 鐢变袱涓枩搴︿负 1:100 鐨勬閿粍鎴愩€備竴涓垏鍚戦敭鍙兘浼犻€掍竴涓柟鍚戠殑杞煩锛屼紶閫掑弻鍚戣浆鐭╂椂锛岄』鐢ㄤ簰鎴?120掳 锝?130掳 瑙掔殑涓や釜閿€? 6-2 鑺遍敭杩炴帴 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-3ww4ovip-1665118866268)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-34-42.png)] 6-3 鏃犻敭杩炴帴 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gpqwz4e0-1665118866269)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-35-26.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-8xtxvtww-1665118866269)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-35-35.png)] 6-4 閿€杩炴帴 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-enxb3wai-1665118866270)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-35-46.png)]

08 甯?/p>

8-1 甯︿紶鍔ㄦ杩?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-kkpps0qc-1665118866270)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-37-39.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cpghdvam-1665118866270)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-37-51.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xhoyv22v-1665118866271)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-40-06.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-prziurgw-1665118866271)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-40-41.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-7szcxvht-1665118866272)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-40-52.png)] 8-2 甯︿紶鍔ㄧ殑宸ヤ綔鎯呭喌鍒嗘瀽 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-oxz4dygy-1665118866272)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-43-14.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-djgmnbbw-1665118866273)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-43-29.png)] 8-3 v 甯︿紶鍔ㄧ殑璁捐璁$畻 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-zptxklnp-1665118866273)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-43-50.png)] 8-4 v 甯﹁疆缁撴瀯璁捐 8-5 甯︿紶鍔ㄧ殑寮犵揣瑁呯疆 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-imkggmgz-1665118866273)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-44-23.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uczne2vm-1665118866274)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-03-10-44-40.png)] 8-6 甯︿紶鍔ㄨ璁″疄渚?

09 閾句紶鍔?/p>

9-1 閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑鐗圭偣鍙婂簲鐢?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-dbqdrhsq-1665118866274)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-27-28.png)] 9-2 浼犲姩閾剧殑缁撴瀯鐗圭偣 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ezho0xcx-1665118866275)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-27-53.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-mr8thhpg-1665118866276)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-44-47.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-u9rurs1e-1665118866276)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-45-40.png)] 榻垮舰閾惧張绉版棤澹伴摼锛屽畠鏄竴缁勯摼榻挎澘杈冩帴鑰屾垚銆傚伐浣滄椂閾鹃娇鏉夸笌閾捐疆杞娇鐩稿暜鍚堣€屼紶閫掕繍鍔ㄣ€?榻垮舰閾句笂璁炬湁瀵兼澘锛屼互闃叉閾炬潯宸ヤ綔鏃跺彂鐢熶晶鍚戝鍔ㄣ€傚鏉挎湁鍐呭鏉垮拰澶栧鏉夸箣鍒嗐€傚唴瀵兼澘榻垮舰閾惧鍚戞€уソ锛屽伐浣滃彲闈狅紱澶栧鏉块娇褰㈤摼鐨勯摼杞粨鏋勭畝鍗曘€?榻垮舰閾炬寜閾伴摼缁撴瀯涓嶅悓鍙垎涓哄渾閿€寮忋€佽酱鐡﹀紡鍜屾粴鏌卞紡涓夌銆?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gvzztzyl-1665118866277)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-47-02.png)] 涓庢粴瀛愰摼鐩告瘮锛岄娇褰㈤摼浼犲姩骞崇ǔ鏃犲櫔澹版壙鍙楀啿鍑绘€ц兘濂斤紝宸ヤ綔鍙潬锛屽鐢ㄤ簬楂橀€熸垨杩愬姩绮惧害瑕佹眰杈冮珮鐨勪紶鍔ㄨ缃腑銆? $9-3 婊氬瓙閾鹃摼杞殑缁撴瀯鍜屾潗鏂?閾捐疆鏄摼浼犲姩鐨勪富瑕侀浂浠讹紝鍏堕娇褰㈠凡缁忔爣鍑嗗寲銆傞摼杞璁$殑涓昏鍐呭鏄細

鈼?纭畾閾捐疆鐨勭粨鏋勫拰灏哄锛涒梿 閫夋嫨閾捐疆鐨勬潗鏂欏拰鐑鐞嗘柟寮忥紱閾捐疆鐨勫熀鏈弬鏁帮細鈼?閰嶇敤閾炬潯鐨勮妭璺?p銆佹粴瀛愮殑鏈€澶у寰?d銆佹帓璺?p銆侀娇鏁?閾捐疆鐨勪富瑕佸昂瀵歌涓嬪浘锛岄摼杞瘏瀛旂殑鐩村緞搴斿皬浜庡叾鏈€澶ц鐢ㄧ洿寰?dkmaxo [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-kqmtsael-1665118866277)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-49-09.png)] 9-4 閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑杩愬姩鐗规€?褰撲富鍔ㄩ摼杞寑閫熻浆鍔ㄦ椂锛屼粠鍔ㄩ摼杞殑瑙掗€熷害浠ュ強閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑鐬椂浼犲姩姣旈兘鏄懆鏈熸€у彉鍖栫殑锛屽洜姝ら摼浼犲姩涓嶅疁鐢ㄤ簬瀵硅繍鍔ㄧ簿搴︽湁杈冮珮瑕佹眰鐨勫満鍚堛€?閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑涓嶅潎鍖€鎬х殑鐗瑰緛锛屾槸鐢变簬鍥寸粫鍦ㄩ摼杞笂鐨勯摼鏉″舰鎴愪簡姝e杈瑰舰杩欎竴鐗圭偣鎵€閫犳垚鐨勶紝鏁呯о涓洪摼浼犲姩鐨勫杈瑰舰鏁堝簲銆? 9-5 閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑鍙楀姏鍒嗘瀽 9-6 婊氬瓙閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑璁捐璁$畻 9-7 閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑甯冪疆銆佸紶绱у拰娑︽粦

閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑甯冪疆 閾句紶鍔ㄤ竴鑸簲甯冪疆鍦ㄩ搮鍨傞潰鍐咃紝灏藉彲鑳介伩鍏嶅竷缃湪姘村钩鎴栧€炬枩骞抽潰鍐呫€?閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑绱ц竟鍦ㄤ笂鏂规垨鍦ㄤ笅鏂归兘鍙互锛屼絾鍦ㄤ笂鏂瑰ソ涓€浜涖€傚簲灏介噺淇濇寔閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑涓や釜閾捐疆鍏遍潰锛屽惁鍒欏伐浣滀腑瀹规槗鑴遍摼銆? 閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑寮犵揣 閾句紶鍔ㄥ紶绱х殑鐩殑锛屼富瑕佹槸涓轰簡閬垮厤鍦ㄩ摼鏉$殑鍨傚害杩囧ぇ鏃朵骇鐢熷暜鍚堜笉鑹拰閾炬潯鐨勬尟鍔ㄧ幇璞★紱鍚屾椂涔熶负浜嗗鍔犻摼鏉′笌閾捐疆鐨勫暜鍚堝寘瑙掋€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-uj7yi7is-1665118866278)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-10-51-18.png)] 閾句紶鍔ㄧ殑娑︽粦 閾句紶鍔ㄤ腑閿€杞翠笌濂楃瓛涔嬮棿浜х敓纾ㄦ崯锛岄摼鑺傚氨浼氫几闀匡紝杩欐槸褰卞搷閾句紶鍔ㄥ鍛界殑鏈€涓昏鍥犵礌銆傚洜鑰岋紝娑︽粦鏄欢闀块摼浼犲姩瀵垮懡鐨勬渶鏈夋晥鐨勬柟娉曘€傛鼎婊戠殑浣滅敤瀵归珮閫熼噸杞界殑閾句紶鍔ㄥ挨涓洪噸瑕併€?鑹ソ鐨勬鼎婊戝彲缂撳拰鍐插嚮銆佸噺杞荤(鎹熴€佸欢闀块摼鏉$殑浣跨敤瀵垮懡銆?

10 榻胯疆

10-1 榻胯疆浼犲姩姒傝堪 浼犲姩鏁堢巼楂橈紱缁撴瀯绱у噾锛涘伐浣滃彲闈狅紝瀵垮懡闀匡紱浼犲姩姣旂ǔ瀹氾紱榻胯疆鐨勫埗閫犲強瀹夎绮惧害瑕佹眰楂橈紝浠锋牸杈冭吹銆?鎸夐娇杞被鍨嬪垎锛氱洿榻垮渾鏌遍娇杞紶鍔ㄦ枩榻垮渾鏌遍娇杞紶鍔ㄩ敟榻胯疆浼犲姩浜哄瓧榻胯疆浼犲姩 鎸夎缃舰寮忓垎锛氬紑寮忎紶鍔ㄢ€撻€備簬浣庨€熷強涓嶉噸瑕佺殑鍦哄悎鍗婂紑寮忎紶鍔?鍙湁绠€鍗曢槻鎶ょ僵锛岄€傜敤浜庡啘涓氭満姊般€佸缓绛戞満姊板強绠€鍗曟満姊拌澶?闂紡浼犲姩-娑︽粦銆佸瘑灏佽壇濂斤紝鐢ㄤ簬姹借溅銆佹満搴婂強鑸┖鍙戝姩鏈虹瓑鐨勯娇杞紶鍔ㄤ腑銆?鎸変娇鐢ㄦ儏鍐靛垎锛氬姩鍔涢娇杞竴浠ュ姩鍔涗紶杈撲负涓伙紝甯镐负楂橀€熼噸杞芥垨浣庨€熼噸杞戒紶鍔ㄣ€備紶鍔ㄩ娇杞竴浠ヨ繍鍔ㄥ噯纭负涓伙紝涓€鑸负杞昏浇楂樼簿搴︿紶鍔ㄣ€?鎸夐娇闈㈢‖搴﹀垎锛氳蒋榻块潰榻胯疆锛堥娇闈㈢‖搴?350hbs锛?8hrc锛夌‖榻块潰榻胯疆锛堥娇闈㈢‖搴?350hbs锛? 10-2 榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勫け鏁堝舰寮忓強璁捐鍑嗗垯 杞娇鎶樻柇 浜х敓鍘熷洜锛氱柌鍔筹紱杩囪浇锛涜浇鑽烽泦涓紱 鎻愰珮杞娇鎶楁姌鏂兘鍔涚殑鎺柦锛?/p>

鍑忓皬榻挎牴搴斿姏闆嗕腑锛氬澶ч娇鏍硅繃娓″渾瑙掑崐寰勶紝娑堥櫎鍔犲伐鍒€鐥曚娇杞娇鎺ヨе绾夸笂鍙楀姏杈冧负鍧囧寑锛氬澶ц酱鍙婃敮鎵垮垰搴︿娇杞娇鑺儴鍏锋湁瓒冲闊ф€э細閲囩敤鍚堥€傜殑鐑鐞嗘彁楂樼柌鍔冲己搴︼細閲囩敤鍠蜂父銆佹粴鍘嬬瓑宸ヨ壓锛屽榻挎牴琛ㄩ潰灞傝繘琛屽己鍖栧鐞?榻块潰纾ㄦ崯 寮€寮忛娇杞紶鍔ㄧ殑涓昏澶辨晥褰㈠紡涔嬩竴 浜х敓鍘熷洜锛氶娇闈㈤棿瀛樺湪鏉傝川锛?鎻愰珮榻块潰鎶楃(鎹熻兘鍔涚殑鎺柦锛?/p>

鎻愰珮榻块潰鏉愭枡鐨勭‖搴︼紱閲囩敤闂紡榻胯疆浼犲姩锛屽姞浠ュ悎鐞嗙殑娑︽粦锛涘敖閲忎负榻胯疆浼犲姩淇濇寔娓呮磥鐨勫伐浣滅幆澧冦€?榻块潰鐐硅殌 闂紡榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勪富瑕佸け鏁堝舰寮忎箣涓€ 浜х敓鍘熷洜锛氱柌鍔?鎻愰珮榻块潰鎶楃偣铓€鑳藉姏鐨勬帾鏂斤細

鎻愰珮榻块潰鏉愭枡鐨勭‖搴︼紱閲囩敤鍚堢悊鐨勬鼎婊戦檷浣庢帴瑙﹀簲鍔涳紱鍦ㄥ悎鐞嗙殑闄愬害鍐呭澶ч娇杞洿寰勶紝浠庤€屽噺灏忔帴瑙﹀簲鍔涳紱鍦ㄥ悎鐞嗙殑闄愬害鍐咃紝閲囩敤杈冮珮绮樺害鐨勬鼎婊戞补銆?榻块潰鑳跺悎 鑳跺悎浜х敓鐨勫師鍥?1.鐬椂娓╁害杩囬珮 2.娑︽粦涓嶈壇. 鎻愰珮鎶楄兌鍚堣兘鍔涚殑鎺柦锛?閲囩敤鎶楄兌鍚堣兘鍔涘己鐨勬鼎婊戞补>鍦ㄦ鼎婊戞补涓姞鍏ユ瀬鍘嬫坊鍔犲墏 濉戞€у彉褰?鎻愰珮榻块潰纭害锛岄噰鐢ㄩ珮绮樺害鐨勬垨鏈夋瀬鍘嬫坊鍔犲墏鐨勬鼎婊戞补鍧囨湁鍔╀簬鍑忕紦鎴栭槻姝㈤娇闈骇鐢熷鎬у彉褰€?瀵逛竴鑸伐鍐典笅鐨勯娇杞紶鍔紝鍏惰璁″噯鍒欐槸锛?/p>

淇濊瘉寮洸鐤插姵寮哄害锛屼互鍏嶅彂鐢熼娇鏍规姌鏂€備繚璇佹帴瑙︾柌鍔冲己搴︼紝浠ュ厤鍙戠敓榻块潰鐐硅殌銆傚楂橀€熼噸杞介娇杞紶鍔紝闄や互涓婁袱璁捐鍑嗗垯澶栵紝杩樺簲鎸夐娇闈㈡姉鑳跺悎鑳藉姏鐨勫噯鍒欒繘琛岃璁°€? 10-3 榻胯疆鐨勬潗鏂欏強鍏堕€夋嫨鍘熷垯

瀵归娇杞潗鏂欐€ц兘鐨勮姹?榻胯疆鐨勯娇浣撳簲鏈夎緝楂樼殑鎶楁姌鏂兘鍔涳紝榻块潰搴旀湁杈冨己鐨勬姉鐐硅殌銆佹姉纾ㄦ崯鍜岃緝楂樼殑鎶楄兌鍚堣兘鍔涳紝鍗宠姹傦細榻块潰纭€侀娇鑺煣銆傚父鐢ㄧ殑榻胯疆鏉愭枡 閽細璁稿閽㈡潗缁忛€傚綋鐨勭儹澶勭悊鎴栬〃闈㈠鐞嗭紝鍙互鎴愪负甯哥敤鐨勯娇杞潗鏂欙紱 閾搁搧锛氬父浣滀负浣庨€熴€佽交杞姐€佷笉澶噸瑕佺殑鍦哄悎鐨勯娇杞潗鏂欙紱 闈為噾灞炴潗鏂欙細閫傜敤浜庨珮閫熴€佽交杞姐€佷笖瑕佹眰闄嶄綆鍣0鐨勫満鍚堛€傞娇杞潗鏂欓€夌敤鐨勫熀鏈師鍒?榻胯疆鏉愭枡蹇呴』婊¤冻宸ヤ綔鏉′欢鐨勮姹傦紝濡傚己搴︺€佸鍛姐€佸彲闈犳€с€佺粡娴庢€х瓑锛?搴旇€冭檻榻胯疆灏哄澶у皬锛屾瘺鍧忔垚鍨嬫柟娉曞強鐑鐞嗗拰鍒堕€犲伐鑹猴紱 閽㈠埗杞娇闈㈤娇杞紝鍏堕厤瀵逛袱杞娇闈㈢殑纭害宸簲淇濇寔鍦?30~50hbs 鎴栨洿澶氥€? 10-4 榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勮绠楄浇鑽?鍑忓皬鍔ㄨ浇鑽风殑鍔炴硶锛氶娇椤朵慨缂? 10-5 鏍囧噯鐩撮娇鍦嗘煴榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勫己搴﹁绠? 10-6 榻胯疆浼犲姩璁捐鍙傛暟銆佽鐢ㄥ簲鍔涗笌绮惧害閫夋嫨 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-eqenzfyc-1665118866278)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-11-09-16.png)] 10-7 鏍囧噯鏂滈娇鍦嗘煴榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勫己搴﹁绠?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jvvgmyty-1665118866279)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-11-08-58.png)] 10-8 鏍囧噯閿ラ娇杞紶鍔ㄧ殑寮哄害璁$畻 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-oiwvpari-1665118866279)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-11-08-47.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gsmmncfq-1665118866280)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-11-08-38.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ir3llpxw-1665118866280)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-11-08-33.png)] 10-9 榻胯疆鐨勭粨鏋勮璁?閫氳繃寮哄害璁$畻纭畾鍑轰簡榻胯疆鐨勯娇鏁?z銆佹ā鏁?m銆侀娇瀹?b銆佽灪鏃嬭 b銆佸垎搴﹀渾鐩村緞 d 绛変富瑕佸昂瀵搞€?榻胯疆鐨勭粨鏋勮璁′富瑕佹槸纭畾杞紭锛岃疆杈愶紝杞瘋绛夌粨鏋勫舰寮忓強灏哄澶у皬銆傚湪缁煎悎鑰冭檻榻胯疆鍑犱綍灏哄锛屾瘺鍧紝鏉愭枡锛屽姞宸ユ柟娉曪紝浣跨敤瑕佹眰鍙婄粡娴庢€х瓑鍚勬柟闈㈠洜绱犵殑鍩虹涓婏紝鎸夐娇杞殑鐩村緞澶у皬锛岄€夊畾鍚堥€傜殑缁撴瀯褰㈠紡锛屽啀鏍规嵁鎺ㄨ崘鐨勭粡楠屾暟鎹繘琛岀粨鏋勫昂瀵歌绠椼€?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-slrkibfp-1665118866280)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-04-11-09-54.png)] 10-10 榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勬鼎婊?

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11 铚楁潌

11-0 铚楁潌浼犲姩姒傝堪 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-mhnccnsp-1665118866281)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-08-12.png)] 铚楁潌浼犲姩鏄竴绉嶅湪绌洪棿浜ら敊杞撮棿浼犻€掕繍鍔ㄧ殑鏈烘瀯銆?铚楁潌浼犲姩鐨勪富瑕佺壒鐐规湁锛?/p>

浼犲姩姣斿ぇ锛屼竴鑸负 i=5~80锛屽ぇ鐨勫彲杈?300 浠ヤ笂锛涢噸鍚堝害澶э紝浼犲姩骞崇ǔ锛屽櫔澹颁綆锛涙懇鎿︾(鎹熼棶棰樼獊鍑猴紝纾ㄦ崯鏄富瑕佺殑澶辨晥褰㈠紡锛涗紶鍔ㄦ晥鐜囦綆锛屽叿鏈夎嚜閿佹€ф椂锛屾晥鐜囦綆浜?50%銆?鐢变簬涓婅堪鐗圭偣锛岃湕鏉嗕紶鍔ㄤ富瑕佺敤浜庤繍鍔ㄤ紶閫掞紝鑰屽湪鍔ㄥ姏浼犺緭涓殑搴旂敤鍙楀埌闄愬埗銆? 11-1 铚楁潌浼犲姩鐨勭被鍨?鍦嗘煴铚楁潌浼犲姩 鐜潰铚楁潌浼犲姩 閿ヨ湕鏉嗕紶鍔? 11-2 鏅€氳湕鏉嗕紶鍔ㄧ殑鍙傛暟涓庡昂瀵?銆€杈冨皯鐨勮湕鏉嗗ご鏁帮紙濡傦細鍗曞ご铚楁潌锛夊彲浠ュ疄鐜拌緝澶х殑浼犲姩姣旓紝浣嗕紶鍔ㄦ晥鐜囪緝浣庯紱铚楁潌澶存暟瓒婂锛屼紶鍔ㄦ晥鐜囪秺楂橈紝浣嗚湕鏉嗗ご鏁拌繃澶氭椂涓嶆槗鍔犲伐銆傞€氬父铚楁潌澶存暟鍙栦负 1銆?銆?銆?銆? 11-3 鏅€氳湕鏉嗕紶鍔ㄧ殑鎵胯浇鑳藉姏璁$畻 11-5 鏅€氳湕鏉嗕紶鍔ㄧ殑鏁堢巼銆佹鼎婊戜笌鐑钩琛?/p>

娑︽粦鐨勪富瑕佺洰鐨勫湪浜庡噺鎽╀笌鏁g儹銆傚叿浣撴鼎婊戞柟娉曚笌榻胯疆浼犲姩鐨勬鼎婊戠浉杩戙€傛鼎婊戞补 娑︽粦娌圭殑绉嶇被寰堝锛岄渶鏍规嵁铚楁潌銆佽湕杞厤瀵规潗鏂欏拰杩愯浆鏉′欢閫夌敤銆傛鼎婊戞补绮樺害鍙婄粰娌规柟寮?涓€鑸牴鎹浉瀵规粦鍔ㄩ€熷害鍙婅浇鑽风被鍨嬭繘琛岄€夋嫨銆傜粰娌规柟娉曞寘鎷細娌规睜娑︽粦銆佸柗娌规鼎婊戠瓑锛岃嫢閲囩敤鍠锋补娑︽粦锛屽柗娌瑰槾瑕佸鍑嗚湕鏉嗗暜鍏ョ锛岃€屼笖瑕佹帶鍒朵竴瀹氱殑娌瑰帇銆傛鼎婊戞补閲?娑︽粦娌归噺鐨勯€夋嫨鏃㈣鑰冭檻鍏呭垎鐨勬鼎婊戯紝鍙堜笉鑷翠骇鐢熻繃澶х殑鎼呮补鎹熻€椼€?瀵逛簬涓嬬疆铚楁潌鎴栦晶缃湕鏉嗕紶鍔紝娴告补娣卞害搴斾负铚楁潌鐨勪竴涓娇楂橈紱褰撹湕鏉嗕笂缃椂锛屾蹈娌规繁搴︾害涓鸿湕杞寰勭殑 1/3銆? 11-6 鍦嗘煴铚楁潌鍜岃湕杞殑缁撴瀯璁捐 铚楁潌铻烘棆閮ㄥ垎鐨勭洿寰勪笉澶э紝鎵€浠ュ父鍜岃酱鍋氭垚涓€涓暣浣撱€傚綋铚楁潌铻烘棆閮ㄥ垎鐨勭洿寰勮緝澶ф椂锛屽彲浠ュ皢杞翠笌铚楁潌鍒嗗紑鍒朵綔銆?

12 婊戝姩杞存壙

12-1 婊戝姩杞存壙姒傝堪

杞存壙鐨勪綔鐢ㄦ槸鏀壙杞淬€傝酱鍦ㄥ伐浣滄椂鍙互鏄棆杞殑锛屼篃鍙互鏄潤姝㈢殑銆?杞存壙搴旀弧瓒冲涓嬪熀鏈姹傦細

鑳芥壙鎷呬竴瀹氱殑杞借嵎锛屽叿鏈変竴瀹氱殑寮哄害鍜屽垰搴︺€傚叿鏈夊皬鐨勬懇鎿﹀姏鐭╋紝浣垮洖杞欢杞姩鐏垫椿銆傚叿鏈変竴瀹氱殑鏀壙绮惧害锛屼繚璇佽鏀壙闆朵欢鐨勫洖杞簿搴︺€?杞存壙鐨勫垎绫?鏍规嵁杞存壙涓懇鎿︾殑鎬ц川锛屽彲鍒嗕负婊戝姩杞存壙鍜屾粴鍔ㄨ酱鎵裤€?鏍规嵁鑳芥壙鍙楄浇鑽风殑鏂瑰悜锛屽彲鍒嗕负鍚戝績杞存壙銆佹帹鍔涜酱鎵裤€佸悜蹇冩帹鍔涜酱鎵裤€傦紙鎴栫о涓哄緞鍚戣酱鎵裤€佹鎺ㄨ酱鎵裤€佸緞鍚戞鎺ㄨ酱鎵匡級 鏍规嵁娑︽粦鐘舵€侊紝婊戝姩杞存壙鍙垎涓猴細涓嶅畬鍏ㄦ恫浣撴鼎婊戞粦鍔ㄨ酱鎵裤€傚畬鍏ㄦ恫浣撴鼎婊戞粦鍔ㄨ酱鎵裤€傛粴鍔ㄨ酱鎵跨粷澶у鏁伴兘宸叉爣鍑嗗寲锛屾晠寰楀埌骞挎硾鐨勫簲鐢ㄣ€備絾鏄湪浠ヤ笅鍦哄悎锛屽垯涓昏浣跨敤婊戝姩杞存壙锛?

宸ヤ綔杞€熷緢楂橈紝濡傛苯杞彂鐢垫満銆傝姹傚杞寸殑鏀壙浣嶇疆鐗瑰埆绮剧‘锛屽绮惧瘑纾ㄥ簥銆傛壙鍙楀法澶х殑鍐插嚮涓庢尟鍔ㄨ浇鑽凤紝濡傝涧閽㈡満銆傜壒閲嶅瀷鐨勮浇鑽凤紝濡傛按杞彂鐢垫満銆傛牴鎹閰嶈姹傚繀椤诲埗鎴愬墫鍒嗗紡鐨勮酱鎵匡紝濡傛洸杞磋酱鎵裤€傚湪鐗规畩鏉′欢涓嬪伐浣滅殑杞存壙锛屽鍐涜埌鎺ㄨ繘鍣ㄧ殑杞存壙銆傚緞鍚戝昂瀵稿彈闄愬埗鏃讹紝濡傚杈婅涧閽㈡満銆? 12-2 婊戝姩杞存壙鐨勫吀鍨嬬粨鏋?/p>

寰勫悜婊戝姩杞存壙鐨勭粨鏋?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-vobgbsyg-1665118866282)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-18-25.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-rb9d6xyg-1665118866283)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-18-30.png)] 鐗圭偣锛氱粨鏋勭畝鍗曪紝鎴愭湰浣庡粔銆傚洜纾ㄦ崯鑰岄€犳垚鐨勯棿闅欐棤娉曡皟鏁淬€傚彧鑳戒粠娌胯酱鍚戣鍏ユ垨鎷嗗嚭搴旂敤锛氫綆閫熴€佽交杞芥垨闂存瓏鎬у伐浣滅殑鏈哄櫒涓€? 瀵瑰紑寮忓緞鍚戞粦鍔ㄨ酱鎵?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-qdu6qmjz-1665118866283)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-19-31.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-sbw1zoiv-1665118866283)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-19-41.png)] 鐗?鐐癸細缁撴瀯澶嶆潅銆佸彲浠ヨ皟鏁寸(鎹熻€岄€犳垚鐨勯棿闅欍€佸畨瑁呮柟渚裤€?搴旂敤鍦哄悎锛氫綆閫熴€佽交杞芥垨闂存瓏鎬у伐浣滅殑鏈哄櫒涓€? 姝㈡帹婊戝姩杞存壙鐨勭粨鏋?姝㈡帹婊戝姩杞存壙鐢辫酱鎵垮骇鍜屾鎺ㄨ酱棰堢粍鎴愩€傚父鐢ㄧ殑杞撮缁撴瀯褰㈠紡鏈夛細 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-axqgwklx-1665118866284)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-20-28.png)] 绌哄績寮忥細杞撮鎺ヨе闈笂鍘嬪姏鍒嗗竷杈冨潎鍖€锛屾鼎婊戞潯浠惰緝瀹炲績寮忕殑鏀瑰杽銆傚崟鐜紡锛氬埄鐢ㄨ酱棰堢殑鐜舰绔潰姝㈡帹锛岀粨鏋勭畝鍗曪紝娑︽粦鏂逛究锛屽箍娉涚敤浜庝綆閫熴€佽交杞界殑鍦哄悎銆?澶氱幆寮忥細涓嶄粎鑳芥壙鍙楄緝澶х殑杞村悜杞借嵎锛屾湁鏃惰繕鍙壙鍙楀弻鍚戣酱鍚戣浇鑽枫€傜敱浜庡悇鐜棿杞借嵎鍒嗗竷涓嶅潎锛屽叾鍗曚綅闈㈢н鐨勬壙杞借兘鍔涙瘮鍗曠幆寮忎綆 50%銆? 12-3 婊戝姩杞存壙鐨勫け鏁堝舰寮忓強甯哥敤鏉愭枡

杞存壙琛ㄩ潰鐨勭(绮掔(鎹熴€佸埉浼ゃ€佸挰绮橈紙鑳跺悎锛夈€佺柌鍔冲墺钀藉拰鑵愯殌銆傛粦鍔ㄨ酱鎵胯繕鍙兘鍑虹幇姘旇殌銆佺數渚佃殌銆佹祦浣撲镜铓€鍜屽井鍔ㄧ(鎹熺瓑澶辨晥褰㈠紡銆傝酱鎵挎潗鏂欐槸鎸囧湪杞存壙缁撴瀯涓洿鎺ュ弬涓庢懇鎿﹂儴鍒嗙殑鏉愭枡锛屽杞寸摝鍜岃酱鎵胯‖鐨勬潗鏂欍€傝酱鎵挎潗鏂欐€ц兘搴旀弧瓒充互涓嬭姹傦細鍑忔懇鎬э細鏉愭枡鍓叿鏈夎緝浣庣殑鎽╂摝绯绘暟銆傝€愮(鎬э細鏉愭枡鐨勬姉纾ㄦ€ц兘锛岄€氬父浠ョ(鎹熺巼琛ㄧず銆傛姉鍜矘鎬э細鏉愭枡鐨勮€愮儹鎬т笌鎶楃矘闄勬€с€傛懇鎿﹂『搴旀€э細鏉愭枡閫氳繃琛ㄥ眰寮瑰鎬у彉褰㈡潵琛ュ伩杞存壙婊戝姩琛ㄩ潰鍒濆閰嶅悎涓嶈壇鐨勮兘鍔涖€傚祵鍏ユ€э細鏉愭枡瀹圭撼纭川棰楃矑宓屽叆锛屼粠鑰屽噺杞昏酱鎵挎粦鍔ㄨ〃闈㈠彂鐢熷埉浼ゆ垨纾ㄧ矑纾ㄦ崯鐨勬€ц兘銆傜(鍚堟€э細杞寸摝涓庤酱棰堣〃闈㈢粡鐭湡杞昏浇杩愯鍚庯紝褰㈡垚鐩镐簰鍚诲悎鐨勮〃闈㈠舰鐘跺拰绮楃硻搴︾殑鑳藉姏锛堟垨鎬ц川锛夋澶栬繕搴旀湁瓒冲鐨勫己搴﹀拰鎶楄厫铓€鑳藉姏銆佽壇濂界殑瀵肩儹鎬с€佸伐鑹烘€у拰缁忔祹鎬с€? 12-4 婊戝姩杞存壙杞寸摝缁撴瀯

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13 婊氬姩杞存壙

13-1 姒傝堪 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-cwu6gmcf-1665118866286)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-09-59-39.png)] 13-2 婊氬姩杞存壙鐨勪富瑕佺被鍨嬪拰浠e彿

鎸夋粴鍔ㄤ綋鐨勪笉鍚屽垎绫伙細鐞冭酱鎵裤€佹粴瀛愯酱鎵匡紱鎸夊彲鎵垮彈鐨勫杞借嵎鍒嗙被锛氬悜蹇冭酱鎵裤€佹帹鍔涜酱鎵裤€佸悜蹇冩帹鍔涜酱鎵匡紱 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ilz8ovq5-1665118866286)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-00-05.png)] 13-3 婊氬姩杞存壙鐨勭被鍨嬮€夋嫨 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-f1q1y9x4-1665118866286)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-00-52.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-pclfuvar-1665118866287)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-01-05.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-nb8mctnf-1665118866287)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-01-20.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-4ynsmyzt-1665118866287)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-01-53.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-0by0xvep-1665118866288)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-02-05.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-7nc8imv2-1665118866288)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-02-17.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-vrw1jjo7-1665118866288)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-02-37.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-aojmvfln-1665118866289)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-02-57.png)] 13-4 婊氬姩杞存壙鐨勫伐浣滄儏鍐?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-vui4ooh9-1665118866289)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-03-20.png)] 13-5 婊氬姩杞存壙灏哄鐨勯€夋嫨 13-6 杞存壙瑁呯疆鐨勮璁?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-0jphnbbh-1665118866290)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-03-43.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-gjvoj8j0-1665118866290)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-04-06.png)]

14 鑱旇酱鍣?/p>

14-0 鑱旇酱鍣ㄥ拰绂诲悎鍣ㄦ杩?鑱旇酱鍣ㄥ拰绂诲悎鍣ㄦ槸鏈烘瑁呯疆涓父鐢ㄧ殑閮ㄤ欢锛屽畠浠富瑕佺敤浜庤仈鎺ヨ酱涓庤酱锛屼互浼犻€掕繍鍔ㄤ笌杞煩锛屼篃鍙敤浣滃畨鍏ㄨ缃€傚ぇ鑷存湁浠ヤ笅绫诲瀷锛氳仈杞村櫒 鐢ㄤ簬灏嗕袱杞磋仈鎺ュ湪涓€璧凤紝鏈哄櫒杩愯浆鏃朵袱杞翠笉鑳藉垎绂伙紝鍙湁鍦ㄦ満鍣ㄥ仠杞︽椂鎵嶅彲灏嗕袱杞村垎绂伙紱绂诲悎鍣?鍦ㄦ満鍣ㄨ繍杞繃绋嬩腑锛屽彲浣夸袱杞撮殢鏃舵帴鍚堟垨鍒嗙鐨勪竴绉嶈缃€傚畠鍙敤鏉ユ搷绾垫満鍣ㄤ紶鍔ㄧ殑鏂画锛屼互渚胯繘琛屽彉閫熸垨鎹㈠悜锛涘畨鍏ㄨ仈杞村櫒涓庣鍚堝櫒 鏈哄櫒宸ヤ綔鏃讹紝鑻ヨ浆鐭╄秴杩囪瀹氬€硷紝鍗冲彲鑷鏂紑鎴栨墦婊戯紝浠ヤ繚璇佹満鍣ㄤ腑鐨勪富瑕侀浂浠朵笉鍥犺繃杞借€屾崯鍧忥紱鐗规畩鍔熺敤鐨勮仈杞村櫒涓庣鍚堝櫒鐢ㄤ簬鏌愪簺鐗规畩瑕佹眰澶勶紝濡傦細鍦ㄤ竴瀹氱殑鍥炶浆鏂瑰悜鎴栬揪鍒颁竴瀹氳浆閫熸椂锛岃仈杞村櫒鎴栫鍚堝櫒鍗冲彲鑷姩鎺ュ悎鎴栧垎绂荤瓑锛涜仈杞村櫒鍜岀鍚堝櫒绉嶇被绻佸锛屽湪閫夌敤鏍囧噯浠舵垨鑷璁捐鏃跺簲鑰冭檻锛氫紶閫掕浆鐭╁ぇ灏忋€佽浆閫熼珮浣庛€佹壄杞垰搴﹀彉鍖栥€佷綋绉ぇ灏忋€佺紦鍐插惛鎸兘鍔涚瓑鍥犵礌銆? 14-1 鑱旇酱鍣ㄧ殑绉嶇被鍜岀壒鎬?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ajmgjctf-1665118866290)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-06-14.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-pla36gln-1665118866291)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-06-33.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ahzjdfrh-1665118866291)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-06-41.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-lrlble8y-1665118866292)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-06-52.png)] 14-2 鑱旇酱鍣ㄧ殑閫夋嫨 14-3 绂诲悎鍣?浜屻€佸绂诲悎鍣ㄧ殑鍩烘湰瑕佹眰 鍒嗙銆佹帴鍚堣繀閫燂紝骞崇ǔ鏃犲啿鍑伙紝鍒嗙褰诲簳锛屽姩浣滃噯纭彲闈狅紱缁撴瀯绠€鍗曪紝閲嶉噺杞伙紝鎯€у皬锛屽褰㈠昂瀵稿皬锛屽伐浣滃畨鍏紝鏁堢巼楂橈紱鎺ュ悎鍏冧欢鑰愮(鎬уソ锛屼娇鐢ㄥ鍛介暱锛屾暎鐑潯浠跺ソ锛涙搷绾垫柟渚跨渷鍔涳紝鍒堕€犲鏄擄紝璋冩暣缁翠慨鏂逛究銆?涓夈€佺鍚堝櫒鐨勯€夌敤 宓屽叆寮忕鍚堝櫒鐨勭粨鏋勭畝鍗曪紝澶栧舰灏哄杈冨皬锛屼袱杞撮棿鐨勮仈鎺ユ棤鐩稿杩愬姩锛屼竴鑸€傜敤浜庝綆閫熸帴鍚堬紝杞煩涓嶅ぇ鐨勫満鍚堬紱鎽╂摝寮忕鍚堝櫒鍙湪浠讳綍杞€熶笅瀹炵幇涓よ酱鐨勬帴鍚堟垨鍒嗙锛涙帴鍚堣繃绋嬪钩绋筹紝鍐插嚮鎸姩杈冨皬锛涘彲鏈夎繃杞戒繚鎶や綔鐢ㄣ€備絾灏哄杈冨ぇ锛屽湪鎺ュ悎鎴栧垎绂昏繃绋嬩腑瑕佷骇鐢熸粦鍔ㄦ懇鎿︼紝鏁呭彂鐑噺澶э紝纾ㄦ崯涔熻緝澶с€?鐢电鎽╂摝绂诲悎鍣ㄥ彲瀹炵幇杩滆窛绂绘搷绾碉紝鍔ㄤ綔杩呴€燂紝娌℃湁涓嶅钩琛$殑杞村悜鍔涳紝鍥犺€屽湪鏁版帶鏈哄簥绛夋満姊颁腑鑾峰緱浜嗗箍娉涚殑搴旂敤銆? 14-4 瀹夊叏鑱旇酱鍣ㄥ強瀹夊叏绂诲悎鍣?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xrzqqeyo-1665118866293)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-07-40.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-whqborv2-1665118866293)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-07-49.png)] 14-5 鐗规畩鍔熺敤鍙婄壒娈婄粨鏋勭殑鑱旇酱鍣ㄥ強绂诲悎鍣?[澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-729cc9i0-1665118866294)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-07-57.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-im923u1m-1665118866295)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-08-33.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ee4sswxl-1665118866295)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-08-44.png)]

15 杞?/p>

15-1 杞寸殑姒傝堪 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-jbxi0k3r-1665118866296)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-09-25.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-wl25ictb-1665118866296)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-09-38.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-ri9q822c-1665118866296)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-10-17.png)] 15-2 杞寸殑缁撴瀯璁捐 [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-hvlvvmxw-1665118866297)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-10-28.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-dlaedj7m-1665118866297)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-10-43.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-1x4pp7ut-1665118866298)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-10-51.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-tjdogdvu-1665118866298)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-30-37.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-pnlcevpi-1665118866298)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-30-45.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-pva4umhe-1665118866299)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-30-52.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-xmlmbf2m-1665118866299)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-31-00.png)] [澶栭摼鍥剧墖杞瓨澶辫触,婧愮珯鍙兘鏈夐槻鐩楅摼鏈哄埗,寤鸿灏嗗浘鐗囦繚瀛樹笅鏉ョ洿鎺ヤ笂浼?img-m8hezetl-1665118866300)(https://image.wxydejoy.top/image/澶嶈瘯澶嶄範/2022-03-06-10-31-10.png)] 15-3 杞寸殑璁$畻

16 寮圭哀

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绗笁绔?/p>

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绗洓绔?鏈烘闆朵欢鍔犲伐璐ㄩ噺澶嶄範瑕佺偣

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绗簲绔?鏈烘鍔犲伐鍙婅閰嶅伐鑹鸿绋嬭璁?/p>

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绗洓绔?鏈烘闆朵欢鍔犲伐璐ㄩ噺澶嶄範瑕佺偣

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